[CONFINEMENT] As last spring, non-essential businesses are closed during containment. Some supermarket shelves are also inaccessible to consumers. The reopening of closed shops could thus take place « on 1 December at the latest », declared the Minister of the Economy. Eating establishments may have to wait much longer.
[Mise à jour du lundi 16 novembre 2020 à 15h14] A glimmer of hope for traders, to whom Prime Minister Jean Castex had nevertheless announced during his progress report last Thursday that the curtains would remain down at least until December 1. « The reopening is more a matter of days than weeks, « the Minister of the Economy said on Cnews on Monday, November 16. Bruno Le Maire said he was working with representatives of the federations, on a « health protocol for all shops and all large retailers ». « Once we have this health protocol on the table, the conditions for reopening will be met, assuming that the epidemic continues to ebb, » he explained. Words which echo those of the Minister of Health and which explain the change in the government’s discourse since last Thursday: « Everything suggests that we have passed an epidemic peak », Olivier Véran told the regional dailies of the Ebra group. The protocol mentioned by Bruno Le Maire must be concluded this Friday, November 20 and operational on November 23 to allow a resumption of activity in the days that follow. Present alongside Jean Castex last Thursday during his press conference, Bruno Le Maire had mentioned the idea of »gauge » or « the possibility of making an appointment » in certain shops. This recovery would take place « on 1 December at the latest », according to the Minister of the Economy. The shops could therefore reopen for the weekend of November 27. A crucial weekend for traders, because it is Black Friday and also because of the approach of the end of the year holidays. “This weekend has a triple count, it did not escape me,” insisted Bruno Le Maire.
All establishments closed since the start of confinement are not, however, affected by this prospect of reopening, as the Prime Minister already announced last Thursday. Whether their implementation date is advanced or not, the « first relief measures » of containment, when they take place, will be « strictly limited to businesses ». « This first step [la réouverture, ndlr] will not be able to concern other establishments open to the public such as bars, restaurants and sports halls « , specified Jean Castex. According to information from the Point, restaurants, bistros, brasseries, bars and cafes should not even reopen for the end of year celebrations. The date of January 15, 2021, or even February 1, 2021, « would be widely mentioned, according to a source close to the file in direct contact with Bercy », add our colleagues.
The list of establishments authorized to welcome the public in compliance with health rules during the confinement period was published in Decree No. 2020-1310 of October 29, 2020 prescribing the general measures necessary to deal with the Covid epidemic. 19. As last spring, a number of places considered non-essential to the life of the nation can no longer receive the public. New with this second confinement: some shelves are closed in supermarkets. The point on what it is possible to consume and where.
Faced with the discontent of certain so-called « non-essential » businesses and therefore administratively closed for the duration of the confinement, in particular independent bookstores, stepped up to the plate, the government reacted. Not by deciding to reopen these stores but by closing the shelves of supermarkets that market the same products as them. The following shelves in shops over 400 square meters are closed as of November 4, 2020:
- Toys and decoration
- Jewelery / jewelry
- Cultural products (books, CDs and DVDs, video games)
- Clothing and sporting goods (excluding bicycles)
- Large household appliances.
Conversely, in addition to food and drink, the following products will continue to be offered for sale in supermarkets:
- Hardware products (kitchen items, small appliances, batteries and bulbs, etc.) and DIY products
- Drugstore (washing and maintenance products and cleaning articles)
- Consumer medical devices and masks
- Childcare items including clothing for newborns and infants
- Stationery and press
- IT and telecommunications products
- Products for pets
- Hygiene, toiletry and beauty products (personal hygiene items, deodorants, shaves, hair products, makeup etc.)
- Seeds and fertilizers
- Vehicle maintenance products.
- Maintenance, repair and technical inspection of motor vehicles, vehicles, agricultural machinery and equipment
- Trade in automotive equipment
- Trade and repair of motorcycles and cycles
- Supplies needed by farms
- Retail sale of frozen products
- General food store
- Retail sale of meat and meat products in specialized stores
- Retail sale of fish, crustaceans and molluscs in specialized stores
- Retail sale of bread, pastry and confectionery in specialized stores
- Retail sale of beverages in specialized stores
- Other food retailing in specialized stores
- Retail sale of fuels and combustibles in specialized stores, shops associated with these businesses for the sale of food to take away, excluding alcoholic products, and sanitary facilities open to road users
- Retail sale of information and communication equipment in specialized stores
- Retail sale of computers, peripheral units and software in specialized stores
- Retail sale of telecommunications equipment in specialized stores
- Retail sale of construction materials, hardware, paints and glass in specialized stores
- Retail sale of textiles in specialized stores
- Retail sale of newspapers and stationery in specialized stores
- Retail sale of pharmaceutical products in specialized stores
- Retail sale of medical and orthopedic articles in specialized stores
- Optical retail businesses
- Seeds, fertilizers, pets and food for these animals in specialized stores
- Food retail trade on stalls subject, when they are installed on a market, to the provisions of article 38
- Retail sale of tobacco products, electronic cigarettes, vaping equipment and devices in specialized stores
- Rental and leasing of motor vehicles
- Rental and leasing of other machinery, equipment and goods
- Rental and leasing of agricultural machinery and equipment
- Rental and leasing of construction machinery and equipment
- Repair of computers and personal and household goods
- Repair of computers and communication equipment
- Repair of computers and peripheral equipment
- Repair of communication equipment
- Wholesale laundry-dry cleaners
- Retail laundry-dry cleaners
- Financial and insurance activities
The following stores are authorized to remain open for the activities listed above as well as for « the sale of toiletries, hygiene, maintenance and childcare products », as specified in the decree of November 2, 2020:
- Multi-store stores
- Retail sale of fruit and vegetables in specialized stores
To sum up, therefore, food stores, pharmacies, gas stations, newsstands, laundries and DIY stores (the Prime Minister notably quoted Leroy Merlin and Castorama during his press conference on October 29, 2020 detailing the measures to implement the reconfinement of France) are authorized to remain open. Hairdressers, booksellers and florists in particular have had to close their doors. The health situation will however be reassessed 15 days after the establishment of containment, promised the executive. And if the evolution of the indicators is satisfactory, some businesses may reopen.
When they constitute, for the people who live there, a regular domicile, campsites and parks for caravans or leisure vehicles as well as short-term tourist accommodation are authorized to welcome the public.
- Public services, subject to the prohibitions provided for by this decree
- Reception of vulnerable populations and distribution of basic necessities for people in precarious situations
- Selling by vending machines and other retail businesses outside stores, stalls or markets nec
- The activities of labor placement agencies
- The activities of temporary employment agencies
- Funeral services
- Veterinary clinics and veterinary school clinics
- Analysis laboratories
- Shelters and pounds
- Transport services
- The organization of competitive examinations or exams
- The reception of children attending school and those benefiting from a reception method in application of article L. 227-4 of the code of social action and families under conditions identical to those provided for in article 36
- The activity of the dating services provided for in Article D. 216-1 of the Social Action and Families Code as well as family mediation services
- The organization of parenting support activities relating in particular to the following mechanisms: childcare facilities for parents, local school support contracts and listening, support and support networks for parents
- The activity of the information, consultation and marriage counseling establishments mentioned in Article R. 2311-1 of the Public Health Code
- Courtrooms of jurisdictions
- Crematoriums and burial chambers
- Rooms linked to the activity of professional artists
- Outdoor sports facilities for certain activities only
- Racetracks, but they can only accommodate people necessary for the organization of horse races and not the public.
The parks, gardens and other landscaped green spaces in urban areas as well as beaches, bodies of water and lakes remain accessible to the public, specifies the decree, but nautical and recreational activities are prohibited. Each department prefect can also decide to impose the wearing of a mask from the age of 11 in these places.
- Audition, conference, meeting, performance or multi-use rooms
- Stores and shopping centers, except for delivery and pick-up activities and activities listed above
- Restaurants and drinking establishments, including room service in hotel restaurants and bars and contract catering. Take-out and home delivery of meals remain authorized
- Dance halls and games rooms
- Libraries, documentation centers (municipal libraries are closed; university libraries open by appointment)
- Exhibition halls and museums
- Marquees, tents and structures
- Outdoor establishments
- Covered sports establishments
- Thermal establishments
- Holiday centers, leisure centers without accommodation.
In addition to the prohibitions applicable everywhere else on the territory and listed above, in application of the decree of October 29, 2020, certain businesses in Paris are subject to additional restrictions. Paris police prefect Didier Lallement issued an order prohibiting, from Friday, November 6, deliveries and take-out sales to restaurants, drinking establishments and floating establishments (barges) from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. in the city of Paris. The sale of alcohol and its consumption on public roads are also prohibited between these hours.