The right actions to protect yourself
Wash your hands very regularly with soap and water (at least 20 seconds) or failing this with hydro-alcoholic gel, each time you arrive at a new place.
What to do in case of suspected infection?
Since that date, recommendations have been made on the website of the Ministry of Solidarity and Health.
Travel is prohibited except in a few cases, namely: moving from home to work if telework is not possible, essential purchases in authorized local stores, going to the doctor, getting around for the care of his children or to help vulnerable people and practice an individual sporting activity. For all these trips, you will need a certificate.
What to remember from the daily point of the Directorate General of Health (DGS)
As of April 20, 2020, 2,185,000 people have been affected in 185 countries, of which 165,500 have died. The United States is the most affected country in the world, but Europe remains strongly impacted with 1 million cases, crossing the barrier of 100,000 deaths.
In France, « we pass the symbolic and particularly painful course of more than 20,000 deaths« , deplores Professor Jérôme Salomon, Director General of Health. France has reached 20,265 deaths since the start of the epidemic (547 more in the past 24 hours), more than all the seasonal epidemics which had not exceeded 14,000 deaths, and more than the heat wave of 2003 which had killed 19,000 people. There have been 7,752 deaths in medico-social establishments (mainly Ehpads) since March 1, the beginning of the epidemic.
However, there is a very slight drop in the number of hospitalized persons, which amounts to 30,584 cases in total, with a negative balance – for the 12th consecutive day – of 26 fewer beds occupied by cutting out discharges from the 1,465 new cases admitted these last 24 hours. « It’s a very slow decline« , comments Professor Jérôme Salomon »it is the speed of the epidemic which has greatly decreased, because you are all standing on the brake of this epidemic by barrier gestures and containment« . To continue to fight, masks will be provided to the French, with an organization and a distribution »which will be specified in the coming days« .
Professor Jérôme Salomon also recalls that the week of vaccination begins: « preventive measures must not be forgotten, the vaccination schedule must be respected in order to protect children« .
– Today’s special info –
To break out of confinement, no strategy has yet reached international consensus. Without a defined protocol, and given the diversity of measures taken by countries, trial and error remains the most realistic option. « Measures taken should be continuously monitored and prepared to revert to more stringent containment measures if necessary, in the event of an excessive increase in infection rates, including trends in international spread« , warns the European Commission.
Virus reproduction rate, capacity of the hospital system, large-scale tests, etc. Sciences and Future lists the challenges of a successful deconfinement, and the scientific uncertainties that remain.
Two vaccines in phase 2 clinical trials in China
China announces the start of phase 2 human clinical trials for two SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. This phase corresponds to the second part of tests necessary to ensure the efficacy and safety of a vaccine. It usually takes place in a part of the world affected by the disease and includes several hundred participants.
« It is the first coronavirus vaccine in the world to begin phase 2 clinical studies« Wu Yuanbin, an official with the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, said. Record-breaking reactivity should be tempered: at best, experts and research teams believe that a vaccine would not be not available before mid-2021.
Still « no evidence » that a domestic animal can contaminate its owner
Even if the dog could be the intermediate host of the « ancestor » of the coronavirus, the latest data concerning domestic animals are intended to be reassuring. « No case of human contamination by a pet has been reported to date« and »there is currently no scientific evidence regarding the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from an infected domestic animal to humans« estimates ANSES in a notice published on Monday, March 20, reviewing the latest studies on the subject.
Children would hardly transmit Covid-19, after studying a « cluster » in Haute-Savoie
The 9-year-old child who had contracted Covid-19 at Les Contamines-Montjoie in Haute-Savoie did not transmit the virus to anyone in the three schools he attended, according to a study that concludes that children would be little vector of the disease. It was one of the first outbreaks (« cluster ») in France. At the end of January, a Briton returning from Singapore joined compatriots in the ski resort, including a family resident of the resort. In total, it will be responsible for the contamination of twelve people, including a nine-year-old child.
Does SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus attack hemoglobin?
According to models from two Chinese researchers, widely shared on social networks and on information blogs, the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 could bind to hemoglobin and disturb the transport of oxygen by red blood cells. According to them, Covid-19 is therefore not pneumonia but a blood disease.
Results to be taken with the greatest caution: firstly because it is a preliminary study without prior rereading. Then because the modeling would suffer from a “lack of rigor” and errors in the interpretation of the results according to the experts asked by Sciences and Future. Finally, it is not supported by any clinical or biological observation made with patients with Covid-19.
The difficult formula to restart the activity while maintaining health precautions
In France, 9.6 million employees are currently partially unemployed, or nearly one in two private sector employees. Labor Minister Muriel Pénicaud on Monday called on business leaders to resume their activity « if they can, that is to say if they find markets (and) if they put in place guides to good health and safety practice« The ministry has indeed published on its website advice sheets, sector by sector, for working despite the Covid-19 epidemic.
Upon leaving containment, « on May 11, we do not close partial unemployment, otherwise there would be disasters« said the minister. »But it’s going to be declining, as activity resumes, we need less partial unemployment« , she said.
Mask distribution operations in Ile-de-France
The Ile-de-France region will organize this week « two very large mask distribution operations« announced Monday the president of the region Valérie Pécresse. The first operation aims »sick people, with health weaknesses, pregnant women …« who can pick up their mask in pharmacies“by prescription, up to six masks per person« The second distribution will concern »traders, artisans, very small businesses that are open and operate essential services to our country« , she added, adding that »in connection with the town halls, the region will distribute« to these audiences »masks for everyone« .
Sanofi invests 100 million euros to participate in national solidarity
According to our colleagues from Challenges, the French laboratory Sanofi announced Monday that it would invest 100 million euros to support national solidarity, in particular by donating drugs, supporting hospitals and nursing homes, and by funding start-ups specialized in coronavirus screening .
The epidemic on the whole African continent within 7 weeks?
Pierre M’Pele, Congolese epidemiologist and former UNAIDS regional director for West and Central Africa, talks about the situation in Africa in an interview with Mediapart. The doctor notes that the epidemic is not experiencing the same outbreaks as in China or Europe for now. According to him, it will take a period of seven weeks to see the Covid-19 epidemic unfold across the African continent. “My experience with AIDS makes me think that we are going to have an epidemic, only its magnitude remains the big unknownHe adds.
Germany begins slow and delicate deconfinement operation
With 135,000 cases recorded and around 4,000 deaths, the pandemic in Germany is « under control and manageable« The authorities have ruled, which authorized the reopening on Monday morning of shops with an area of less than 800 m2. Gatherings of more than two people are prohibited, a minimum distance of 1.5 meters is supposed to be observed in the public places, and wearing a mask « strongly recommended« .
Record of new cases in Singapore, hit by a second wave
Singapore is facing a second wave of contamination since the beginning of April. The city-state had initially succeeded in controlling the spread of the virus thanks to a strategy of traceability of contaminated people and then of their isolation.
Health officials across the country announced 1,426 new cases of people infected with Covid-19 on Monday, mostly detected in the homes of migrant workers, bringing the total to 8,014 cases and 11 deaths.
More than 10,000 cases identified in Japan
In Japan, which now has the highest number of cases in Asia after China and India, the number of cases registered exceeded 10,000 this weekend, despite the introduction of the state of emergency. The latest report shows 10,751 contaminations and 171 deaths.
Experts are concerned about the hundreds of cases of Covid-19 now detected daily in the archipelago. “We need much more effective measures to protect hospitals”Said Kentaro Iwata, infectious disease specialist at Kobe University, on Monday. “The system is on the verge of collapse in many parts of Japan”.