Dogs and cats show a great « psyche. » They rejoice wasting happiness in abundance, but on the contrary, they react in disgust and even seem frustrated before punishments, quarrels or unfulfilled desires.
«Your psychic comfort is important, as we will see when avoiding not only dislikes, but also true diseases of psychic origin or altered behaviors, ”says veterinarian Javier Álvarez de la Villa, from the Víctor de la Serna veterinary center in Madrid.
A first illustrative case is the «neurodermatitis». In the case of cats, large alopecia may appear. The owners watch in disbelief at their cat that dawned partially bare. Once the medical causes have been eliminated, the veterinarian diagnoses feline psychogenic dermatitis. What happened? Any reason may be sufficient to trigger this sudden pathology; works at home, furniture changes, a new pet, intense family discussions, a new baby, parties in the area and a long list of very minor motives. The treatment therefore requires exclusion of other pathologies, investigation of possible reasons to restore the conditions of environmental comfort, and sometimes with specific feline pharmacology based on neuroleptics and anxiolytics.
«In dogs the situation is similar, but not identical. They usually respond their neurodermatitis to boredom situations», Comments Álvarez de la Villa. His owners, perhaps very busy, have forgotten him. Of his walks, pampering, exercise and games in the park. They are so bored, that they lick their legs like who eats their nails, and they do it so insistently that they generate true alopecic, thickened and reddened plaques. Again the veterinarian acts as a doctor and also a psychologist, as he has to change habits in addition to the relevant medical therapy.
Lack of appetite and anorexia
Other cats stop eating. One situation bothered them extremely and they enter a dangerous situation of « feline psychic anorexia. » Sometimes the owners have been absent even 48 hours and the absence has generated the food conflict. Upon arrival, the cat does not eat, but usually weakens in an alarming way. Why it happens? Feline metabolism is delicate. They need essential amino acids to metabolize their fats. Then, by not eating, they mobilize their fat reserves (up to there all normal), but unlike other species such as human or canine, lacking such a.a. Essentially, the mobilized fat will not be burned and will invade the liver, producing its transformation into a very serious « fatty liver. » The disease is so serious that it is a real vital challenge. «Veterinary measures may include nasogastric or faringogastric catheterization to feed artificially, in addition to all kinds of support and support units, ”says Javier Álvarez de la Villa.
In the case of dogs, they do not show this severe pattern of anorexia. They can spend a long time without eating and not show the pathology of cats, but a great weight loss. « Sad » dogs after vacations or because of the absence or loss of a loved one may refuse to eat because they are not « in the mood. » In this case his sadness goes against the first principle of life that is: Do not voluntarily attempt against one’s survival. « We presume » humans to be the only ones able to work against us same, now we see no. They grieve and rejoice with such intensity that it gives pity and vertigo.
Another case is that cat that seems to stalk us with a crazy look in its dilated pupils and its curved torso, made a rope and, suddenly, it shoots out and we « zap » an ankle. It has even hurt us, bitten or scratched. This is the stalking and attacking behavior, it’s not funny! and it will be necessary to restore promptly. Again we investigate ….. « that perfume, that piece of furniture that was changed, that new tenant … » and we deal with neuroleptics, anxiolytics and counter-conditioning measures.
Another case of psychism is that of Dogs suffering from « separation anxiety. » They have been educated in droves and can’t stand being alone for even a few minutes. The neighborhood is alarmed when they howl or bark relentlessly and, in addition, at the height of their anxiety crisis, they « chew » furniture, papers and everything that can serve them. On the way back, the owner often quarrels and punishes for this behavior, which far from improving the behavior worsens. The dog does not understand that he is quarreling about « missing », but at last he breathes calmly, that is beside his wrathful owner. We will have to re-educate, follow anti-conditioning rules that will restore their autonomy. In addition, the use of anxiolytics in severe cases could help. There are many more cases that demonstrate the psyche of our small animals. For all this it is necessary to educate and respect them. They certainly deserve it.