Vet and breeder
For most of tail hunters, among which I include myself, charging is the final part of any successful hunting set. It is a mixture of emotions – anxiety, patience, joy, satisfaction, sensitivity – that, when executed effectively, raises the mood to any hunting dog lover. One of the best scenes of the hunter who raises and educates his dog comes when the puppy brings his first hunting piece in style. The « bring » is truly an essential episode in the hunting and training of the shotgun dog. It is the demonstration of the conjunction between discipline, submission of the dog and the authority of its owner. And, nevertheless, the difficult thing is not usually to obtain the realization of the gesture, but the fact of keeping the habit and practicing it with diligence and ease in any situation.
It’s in the dog hunter instinct Search and chase hunting pieces. Take hold of these dams and, in the form of natural behavior, even tear and eat them. However, the hunter’s coexistence with his dog, first classroom education and then in the field, convert that tandem into a rapport and hierarchical team where the hunter is the leader and the dog fulfills orders. Mandates always simple and assimilated in a positive environment, always rewarded with praise, caresses and treats. In the case of sample dogs or lifting dogs, the basic principle does not change: it is essential first of all that the dog blindly trusts its owner. This harmony is the basis for quickly and effectively executing the call, the « come here », a precondition for later undertaking the teaching of « bring it ». The puppy is raised in an environment of dependence on people They attend it. From the beginning you have to manage the food with socializing, affectionate and repetitive calls that attract attention and attract the puppy, or the litter. When the dog reaches four months he will individually learn the « come here », in closed spaces first and in open surfaces later. It is important that the puppy learn to accompany its owner, on a leash and without it, until the owner gives free rein. When you answer the call perfectly, diligently and bluntly, we can train you with complaints. In the same order: a runner without distraction, at the beginning. A space with visibility and isolation, when the claim is launched in open.
For hunting dogs It is better to wear gloves or soft claims in the first age. Harder claims inside lined with rabbit fur / hare in the second phase of training, to avoid hard mouths. Finally, let’s use dead hunting, that they smell it, know it and nibble it. Afterwards, the dog can go out and get used to the detonations and the collection with quail. In the delivery, the hunter covers the last three meters and goes out to meet his pupil. The whole process must be gradual, repetitive and without any punishment, only prizes. Repetition is the soul of teaching (S. Pons, 1956). The absence of prizes sanctions the ruling. Brief and fun sessions. The mouth of the hunting dog must be sacred and only the hunter must touch it. No toys, no pulls, even just syrups that avoid complicated pills. Some dogs charge because they like it and others do it out of obedience, hence the importance of trials. Always with the dog rested, to support us in the game. Always with the puppy with appetite, to reinforce with prize treats. The young dog gets to overcome his instincts of independence in the apprehension of pieces, in the game and in the recreation, until surrendering to the discipline of his human « boss ». A small miracle that the hunter manages to repeat day after day in the bush.
Man, through canine generations, has been shaping the submission of his predecessors; in return it protected them from hunger and inclement weather. It is the selection process of hunting dog, which has led some races to specialize in the collection of parts, even developing a mechanized instinct for capture and delivery. As the case of the retrievers, a set of breeds that the English used as a collection dog, without much initiative in the search, next to their sample dogs. The Anglo-Saxons have sought perfection in the recovery of pieces, which has led many labrador specimens to an eager and surprising desire to collect all kinds of objects, stones, sticks, balls … that in their urban version are meaningless, although in the eyeings they demonstrate its great utility.
We, the Spanish hunters, require the shotgun dog to charge, and it seems rejection that a sample dog does not. The specialization of the English and the contests have led many pointers to despise dead hunting. Although the sample or stop is the quintessence of dog hunting, the collection capacity essentially adorns the shotgun dog. It is unfortunate to be accompanied by a dog that does not vibrate, obey and exert itself before the sets with wounded parts. The Dr. Muñoz Seca (1951) left sentence: «If the dog does not take the hunt, for me it is a dog so defective that I do not want it. I prefer a medium-sized dog that charges well, to a wonderful dog that doesn’t bring; because apart from the hunt that is lost, it avoids a series of comings and goings and races that make the hunt less comfortable ».
The set of charges sometimes reaches a great emotion: Touched hares, turtles, patiquebrate rabbits. « Bringing » is not the same as « charging. » It is not the same to immediately bring dead or wounded hunting, often by sight, than to recover wounded pieces that exhaust their forces in slipping away. The selection of shotgun dogs has broken the barriers of selfish instinct, to facilitate the bringing and delivery. Although there are specimens and races that tend to have a hard mouth, like a curse for the hunter. On the other end are soft-spoken dogs, like my pachones, who love to bring, although some more children kill hunting badly when they are young. If the hunt is touched in the field, surgent need to combine winds and trail. Its ability to track allows the dog to hunt with wind at full speed, although this requires learning. To this famous V / R binomial, the victor dogs, bred for the competition, who fail when it comes to real hunting in which the hunter appreciates the charge more than the lift have renounced. At that moment of the shot with doubts is when the hunter must know how to help the dog. If he has faculties, putting him on the ball will be enough for the dog to hit the trail, without any mistakes to confuse him. If it only winds, the dog will suffer more to find the piece, you have to put it on the air with voice prompts and take the shot references or the point of demolition.
Payment conditions change with the day, with the terrain, with the humidity, with the wind, with the dogs that surround yours and their nesting, with the pieces of the hunter, with the confidence of the dog with the members of the gang … The response of the dogs The collection and the experience of breeding has led me to a multitude of experiences. I will end with anecdotes that I keep in my memory as hat collections in Navarre patches: the impressive ability for the double collection of Fernando Megía’s dog, Alajú Martín, with two rabbits, two pigeons … That hare in the Plains with my dog Alajú Mancha, who knew it leaded and appeared with her after many unforgettable minutes. The joys with which my dog Alajú Sumo presented me in the cold collection of several partridges for companions in Alarilla. The confident phlegm of Gabriel Ferret and his gangmates, who are able to wait sitting on a wall while their dogs charge with unusual security the partridges in the thick garriga of Mallorca.