[Mis à jour le jeudi 2 avril à 22h00] The epidemic of coronavirus infected more than 1 million people in 180 countries of the world and resulted in more than 51,000 dead. More than half of the world’s population is confined due to the Covid-19. Among the 180 countries affected, United States still have the highest number of cases with almost 236,000 patients. In Europe, theItaly exceeded 115,000 cases and 13,900 dead. The balance sheet is also growing in Spain with 110,000 patients and more than 10,000 deaths. In France, 59,105 positive cases are listed and 4,503 deaths are to be deplored in hospitals of the territory, 471 more than the day before. « The first 15 days of April will be even more difficult« warned Prime Minister Edouard Philippe on March 28. The peak of the epidemic should occur by April 5. The situation in hospitals is getting worse day by day. On March 18 the first patient transfer Covid-19 was made possible thanks to the Army, by land and air. As of April 1, 344 sick were transferred in establishments in other regions, particularly in Brittany and New Aquitaine, but also abroad, in Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg and Austria. Health authorities are also deploying the ambulatory management of Covid-19 patients with the establishment for example in Ile-de-France dedicated centers. The French are confined until April 15 (renewable date) and the amount of fines for non-compliance with exit authorizations increased to 200 euros (450 euros if it is increased, i.e. not paid within 45 days) according to a decree of March 29. The confinement is strict and each exit from the home requires a travel certificate (exit or travel). For business trips, this certificate is supplemented by a authorization signed by the employer.
- The bar of one million people infected with coronavirus worldwide is exceeded Thursday, April 2 in the evening.
- Prime Minister Edouard Philippe responded on Thursday evening April 2 to questions from the French: « sure the deconfinement, I don’t have all the answers tonight. « Containment will last « probably longer and will be progressive. « Several scenarios are envisaged, including a deconfinement by region. About the drug shortage, the Prime Minister indicated « tensions » for 8 molecules essential for resuscitation care. Some are in sufficient stock, others are more limited. Production is intensifying. The situation is the same for masks : production in France must increase.
- Thederogatory travel certificate can be generated from your smartphone to be presented to the police who will scan a QR code, Interior Minister Christophe Castaner announced on Thursday 2 April.
- In France, 884 Ehpad residents died from Covid-19 since the beginning of the epidemic, announced Thursday, April 2, the director general of health, Jérôme Salomon. And « all the data is not yet available « , he clarified.
- The coronavirus triggered the « worst global crisis » faced by humanity since 1945, said UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres
- At a press conference, the Director General of the World Health Organization warned « young people » about the coronavirus epidemic: « age is not the only risk factor for a severe form of the disease. The fact that Covid-19 only affects older adults is factually wrong« , insists the world institution.
- 4 French soldiers from Operation Barkhane (military operation carried out in the Sahara and in the Sahel) would be contaminated by the coronavirus, indicates the staff of the armies to AFP.
- To relieve the regional funeral services, a Rungis market building was requisitioned by the police prefect of the Ile-de-France defense zone and will be transformed into a morgue, relays the Parisian.
- Emmanuel Macron alleviates exit conditions for people with autism, during containment. On Twitter on April 2, he said: « You will be able to go out a little more often with a certificate which will be made especially for you (…) while staying well away from the people you meet. «
A shipment of masks destined for France was hijacked by Americans.
- In China, a shipment of masks destined for France was hijacked by Americans, just before the boat. Renaud Muselier, president of the PACA region which was to receive these masks, accuses the Americans of having bid on the tarmac at the Chinese airport: « A French order was bought by the Americans in cash, and the plane that was to come to France went directly to the United States. Faced with these problems, I am trying to secure the goods so that they are not seized or bought by others « he detailed on RT France.
- The head of the Mulhouse Emergency Department, Dr Marc Noizet, shared a « a decrease in the use of the center 15, a slightly less blatant decrease in the number of patients treated in the emergency room in connection with the coronavirus, a discreet decrease in the number of intubated patients » during a press conference. « A greater number of people whose condition is deteriorating in Covid care services and who must be taken in intensive care » is however listed.
- In many prisons French, 140 inmates volunteers and paid go make masks for caregivers and the various departments of the Ministry of Justice.
- An « active reflection » is underway at the Ministry of Labor to reward public employees mobilized against the coronavirus. They could collect tax-free premiums, announced the Minister of Labor Muriel Pénicaud.
- 4 million employees and 400,000 companies are at partial unemployment in France.
- The Ministry of Labor, with the help of experts, has prepared advice sheets for employers and employees to protect themselves from the risks of contamination with COVID-19.
- Police checks will be reinforced as of Friday, the start of the Spring school holidays. The Minister of the Interior also wanted to remind this Wednesday morning on LCI that vacation departures were prohibited in this period of confinement.
- Jean-Michel Blanquer must decide by Friday on the formula chosen to pass the baccalaureate of June. The bac could go into continuous testing, the tests could be reduced.
- At least ten people who took chloroquine for self-medication against the coronavirus have been hospitalized, announces the director of the Regional Health Agency of New Aquitaine. TheDrug agency recalled March 31 than Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine) and Kaletra (lopinavir / ritonavir) prescribed to Covid-19 patients should not be used either for self-medication, or on the prescription of a city doctor, or on the self-prescription of a doctor for himself, for the treatment of COVID-19.
- The government has taken exemptions from funeral law. Among the main measures is theextension from 6 to 21 days, or more with the agreement of a prefect, of the time limit for proceeding with burial or cremation of a deceased.
- Nine European hospitals alert on the risk of drug shortages including « Muscle relaxants », « Sedatives » and « Analgesic drugs », « Consumed quickly and with insufficient or non-existent replenishment » due to the influx of coronavirus patients. In a letter revealed by Le Monde, these establishments, including the Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), San Raffaele in Milan, Vall d’Hebron in Barcelona, King’s Health Partners in London and Charité in Berlin are raising the alarm with their government.
- Many national monuments like the National Library of France, The Louvre, the National Archives, Versailles, or even the Library of Strasbourg will give masks and gloves salvaged from their workshops in hospitals, fire stations, detention centers.
- The government postpones the income statement from April 20, instead of April 9. For the paper version, it will be possible to file it until June 12: a period of one month has been added.
- The UN and the WTO warn of the risk of « food shortage » on the world market because of the Covid-19 epidemic.
- April subscriptions Navigo Pass, Navigo senior and the Imagin’RNavigo card will be reimbursed in Île-de-France. And those who have opted for an annual formula will be compensated, announced Valérie Pécresse, president of the Île-de-France region.
- A national system for the general public psychological support for the benefit of those who need it, is deployed from the toll-free number 0 800 130 000.
- Many « drive » coronavirus screening centers are organized in France: in Lisses in Essonne, in Neuilly-sur-Seine in Hauts-de-Seine, people can come and get tested if they have a prescription for the test (which costs 54 euros), Arles, Montpellier, Alès, Nîmes and Béziers too.
France is in stage 3 of the epidemic of coronavirus since March 14 since the virus is actively circulating throughout the territory and no longer only in certain regions and cities. « The fight is just beginning, the next fortnight in April will be more difficult that the fortnight that has just passed« declared Prime Minister Edouard Philippe on Saturday March 28. Coronavirus contaminations in France are of 59,105 cases (or 2,116 more than the day before) and 4,503 people died (471 more than the day before) in the 880 hospitals mobilized backing up their data.
People who, after 8 days, no longer show symptoms for 48 hours are considered cured.
Among the cases of coronavirus on the evening of April 2, Professor Jérôme Salomon, Director General of Health, announces:
- 26,246 people are hospitalized in mainland France (167 in the overseas territories).
- 6,399 severe cases in intensive care. of which 35% are less than 60 years old, 60% are between 60 and 80 years old and this is a worrying situation.
- 382 new patients went into intensive care on April 1. It is this figure that is followed by the authorities to see the results of the containment. The majority of resuscitation cases present at least one potential risk factor for a complication of COVID-19. The two most commonly reported risk factors are diabetes and the cardiac pathologies.
- 90 people under 30 are in intensive care.
- 4,503 people died in hospital, 83% of whom are over 70 years old.
- 12,428 people positive for coronavirus returned healed at their home and confined, 1493 more than the day before. People considered to be « healed » are those who, after 8 days, no longer show symptoms for 48 hours.
- In the Overseas : 167 people are hospitalized, 36 serious cases in intensive care, 11 people died (3 in Martinique, 7 in Guadeloupe and 1 in Mayotte), 85 left cured and returned to their homes.
All French regions are affected by coronavirus. The most affected are : Île-de-France, Grand Est, Corsica, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Hauts-de-France, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Nouvelle-Aquitaine. All non-emergency medical and surgical procedures have been scheduled in health facilities to increase the capacity to manage Covid-19 cases. The initial capabilities of 5000 intensive care beds in France have grown to 10,000 beds and the goal is to reach 14,000 beds very quickly.
In health establishments, the government has activated several plans:
- France applies the white plan generalized expanded (internal mobilization plan) since March 19, in all health facilities (public and private), to quickly put in place the material, logistical and human resources essential in the event of an influx of patients in hospitals. Non-emergency consultations and hospitalizations are deprogrammed.
- France unleashed the blue plan in the Ehpad (Establishment Hosting Dependent Elderly) on March 6. The principle is the same as in hospitals: the head of the establishment must allow « the rapid and coherent implementation of the essential means to deal effectively with an exceptional situation« . The blue plan can induce in particular »containment of residents, users and staff; evacuation of residents, users and staff« .
- The sanitary reserve and the civic reserve (emergency food aid, exceptional childcare, links with isolated fragile people, local solidarity) are also mobilized.
As of April 1, according to figures communicated by the government, consolidated with the Agence Santé Publique France and the ARS (Regional Health Agencies), here are the number of people hospitalized in France by region, those in intensive care and those who are cured and were able to return home. For the moment, Santé Publique France no longer publishes the number of cases identified by region.
|Loire Valley Center||562||153||138|
|Pays de la Loire||549||133||296|
In Ile-de-France, the region most affected by the coronavirus, we count on April 1:
- Paris : 2,633 hospitalizations, 720 in intensive care, 863 on return home.
- Try : 687 hospitalizations, 172 in intensive care, 166 on return to their home.
- Val d’Oise : 730 hospitalizations, 150 in intensive care and 473 on return home.
- Val de Marne : 1,368 hospitalizations, 241 in intensive care, 446 on return to their home.
- Seine-Saint-Denis : 1,173 hospitalizations, 228 in intensive care, 358 on return home.
- Seine et Marne : 565 hospitalizations, 160 people in intensive care, 262 returning home.
- Yvelines : 815 hospitalizations, 178 in intensive care, 347 on return home.
- Hauts-de-Seine : 1,638 hospitalizations, 355 in intensive care, 517 on return home.
To note : The counting of cases is no longer based solely on cases diagnosed biologically, but on epidemiological estimates, as is done for influenza every year (number of consultations, number of serious cases or deaths, etc.). Santé Publique France warns of the difficulties of identification and biological confirmation of all COVID-19 cases and indicates that these figures underestimate the actual number of cases. As part of the transition to phase 3, the recommendations now being to carry out a diagnostic sampling only for certain categories of patients, this underestimation becomes more important.
The first death of the coronavirus occurred in Paris on February 14, it was an 80-year-old Chinese patient. As of April 2, 2020, 4,503 people died of coronavirus in France in hospital, according to figures provided by the Director General of Health. « We observe a increase in mortality compared to expected in 5 regions, he said on April 02. In the Grand Est, Hauts-de-France, Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Ile-France and Corsica, it is mainly people over 65 years « .
Number of deaths by region on April 1 in hospitals:
- 1,126 deaths in the Grand Est.
306 people died in Paris from the coronavirus.
- 1,369 deaths in Ile-de-France (63 hospital deaths in Essonne, 156 hospital deaths in Val d’Oise, 81 hospital deaths in Seine-et-Marne, 119 hospital deaths in Yvelines, 173 deaths in Hauts-de-Seine, 404 deaths in Paris, 186 in Val-de-Marne).
- 330 residents of Hauts-de-France.
- 349 deaths in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.
- 230 deaths in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.
- 108 deaths in Occitania.
- 124 deaths in the Provence-Alpes-Côtes d’Azur region.
- 82 people died in New Aquitaine.
- 82 deaths in the Pays de la Loire region.
- 55 deaths in Brittany.
- 77 deaths in Center-Val de Loire.
- 69 deaths in Normandy.
- 21 deaths in Corsica.
|DATED||Number of new deaths during the day||Total number of deaths|
Several measures have been taken by the government to curb the spread of the coronavirus in France. After the closure of crèches and educational establishments until further notice announced on March 12, the closure of establishments open to the public until April 15, 2020 (shopping centers; restaurants and drinking places; dance halls and game rooms; libraries, documentation centers; exhibition halls; indoor sports establishments; museums), the cancellation of gatherings and the cessation of visits to nursing homes , the President of the Republic announced the confinement of the French population from March 17 at noon until April 15, announced Edouard Philippe Friday March 27 after the Council of Ministers. Following the vote ofstate of health emergency in France, the travel is prohibited except in the following cases and only on condition of being with a certificate:
- Travel between the home and the place of exercise of the professional activity, when they are essential for the exercise of activities which cannot be organized in the form of telework or professional trips which cannot be deferred (have the proof of professional trip on oneself).
- Travel to purchase supplies necessary for professional activity and purchases of basic necessities in establishments whose activities remain authorized.
- Consultations and care that cannot be provided remotely and that cannot be deferred; care of patients with long-term conditions.
- Travel for compelling family reasons, for assistance to vulnerable people or childcare.
- Brief trips, within the limit of one hour daily and within a maximum radius of one kilometer around the home, linked either to the individual physical activity of the people, to the exclusion of any collective sporting activity and any proximity to d ‘other people, either walking with the only people in the same home, or the needs of pets.
- Judicial or administrative summons.
- Participation in missions of general interest at the request of the administrative authority
People who do not follow these instructions may have fines ranging from 200 to 450 euros in the event of an increase (non payment within 45 days). In the event of four confinement violations within 30 days, the offender faces a fine of 3,700 euros and a maximum of six months in prison. Driving license suspension is also possible. According to a study by Imperial College London published on March 30, France would have avoided 2,500 deaths thanks to confinement and 59,000 deaths would have been avoided in Europe thanks to social distancing measures. The researchers arrived at these results through mathematical modeling.
To get informed : 0800 130 000 (national toll-free number / free call) 24/7
((Warning, the telephone platform is not empowered to provide medical advice)
The municipal and prefectural orders are increasing in cities to enforce containment measures. After the decision of the mayor of Nice Christian Estrosi to close the Promenade des Anglais on Friday March 20, the mayor of Nice decides on a more stringent measure: a curfew Saturday March 21, taking effect the same day at 11 p.m. The measure prohibits all travel and requires the closure of all businesses, including food. Only deliveries to supply food businesses are authorized. The mayor of Nice was joined by other mayors and prefects. Other cities could take the same measures. It will be a fine of 135 euros in the event of non-compliance with the curfew. List of cities (by region) where the curfew now applies, and until March 31 (renewable):
- Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur : Cannes from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Nice from 11 p.m. to 4 a.m. Chin from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m. Le Cannet, Mougins from 11 p.m. to 6 a.m. Roquebrune-Cap-Martin from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m. Golfe-Juan Vallauris from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m. In the Alpes-Maritimes, the prefecture has imposed a curfew from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. in municipalities with more than 10,000 inhabitants.
- Occitanie : Perpignan from 8 p.m. to 6 a.m. Béziers from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m. Montpellier from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Nîmes from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Alès from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Saint-Gilles from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Beaucaire from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Vauvert from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m.
- Hauts-de-France : Hautmont and Jeumont from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. for minors, until April 30. Maubeuge from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m. Arras and Lens from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Compiègne from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Creil from 8 p.m. to 8 a.m., Nogent-sur-Oise from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m., Amiens from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Albert from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Hénin-Beaumont from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Caudry from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m.
- Great East : Charleville-Mézières from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m., Mulhouse from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m., Nancy (plus the 20 municipalities of Greater Nancy such as Laxou, Maxéville, Malzéville, Houdemont, Pulnoy, Tomblaine, Seichamps, Saint-Max, Vandoeuvre, Villers-lès-Nancy …) from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m. (all gatherings of more than 2 people over the age of 10 are also prohibited), Obernai (Bas-Rhin) from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m.
- Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes : Valence from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m., Romans-sur-Isère from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m., Montélimar from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m., Pierrelatte from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m., Loriol from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m., Charvieu-Chavagneux from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Mions from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Cunlhat between 22h00 and 6h00, La Voulte-sur-Rhône between 0h00 and 6h00, Saint-Marcellin between 2h00 and 5h00.
- Ile-de-France : Colombes from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Asnières-sur-Seine and Puteaux from 10:30 p.m. to 5 a.m. The ban is valid for pedestrians and traveling by car.
- Pays de la Loire : La Roche-sur-Yon and Cholet are implementing a curfew from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m. from Monday March 23 to March 31 at midnight (renewable if necessary). Fontenay-le-Comte from 9:30 p.m. to 6 a.m.
- New Aquitaine: Poitiers from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Lège-Cap Ferret from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m., Le Verdon from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m. and Villenave d’Ornon from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m.
- Guadeloupe: Sainte-Anne, Pointe-à-Pitre and Les Abymes: from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m. until March 31.
- Mayotte: the entire department is under curfew between 8 p.m. and 5 a.m.
Since there is no vaccine or drug effective against the coronavirus, the best way to protect yourself is by applying barrier measures.
- The wearing masks, « a rare commodity » today recalled Professor Jérôme Salomon on March 18, « no sense if you don’t wash your hands since in practice you touch contaminated surfaces. They should be reserved for sick people and health professionals who lack them. For uncontaminated people, they don’t make sense.
- Hand washing, fundamental: wash hands after coughing, sneezing, before and after preparing food, before eating, after going to the bathroom, after handling animals…
- Apply a social distance of one meter everywhere, all the time (in front of and in stores …). No more shaking hands, no longer kissing.
- Use antibacterial gel to disinfect hands in the absence of soap and water. If you can’t find them in pharmacies, you can make them.
> More tips to protect yourself from coronavirus
The first symptoms of a coronavirus infection resemble a flu-like condition: fever, dry cough, cold, muscle pain, fatigue... then, when it degenerates, it causes difficulty breathing. « Feel shortness of breath in simple activities at home is a sign that should alert« , recalled Professor Jérôme Salomon on March 27. Don’t wait until it gets worse. This symptom requires a teleconsultation or a call to 15. The last observations of general practitioners and ENT report a loss of smell and loss of taste in infected people, most often in young people having a mild form of the disease. Covid-19 exists in asymptomatic (but patients are still contagious and can transmit the virus) and benign (in 85% of cases) forms. The current recommendations are:
- If you have symptoms (cough, fever, headache): avoid contact, stay at home, take paracetamol if necessary, call a doctor, do a tele-consultation or call the local hotline.
- Call 15 if you have difficulty breathing: « If this cough and fever is accompanied by respiratory discomfort which becomes permanent with shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing in and exhaling, a significant worsening of the cough, it may mean a progression of the disease in the form of pneumonia. It is then a potential respiratory emergency and as in all emergency cases, you must call 15 which will take the best measures to respond to the situation « , warns Dr Patrick Aubé, general practitioner.
A interactive map showing the evolution of the coronavirus epidemic in the world in real time was developed by the online mapping editor HERE Technologies. Based on data from the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) of Johns Hopkins University and DXY, this map allows to follow the increase in the number of people infected reported by government agencies, as well as the number of deaths.
A coronavirus pandemic rages around the world forcing a third of the world’s population to be confined, as of April 2, 2020. the virus has infected more than 981,221 people in the world and makes more 50,230 dead. 180 countries are affected (out of a total of 198 worldwide). The epidemic is now progressing more outside of China, where it started in December 2019. There is a sharp increase in cases in United States which becomes the first country most affected in number of cases with more than 226,000 cases and 5,948 deaths, to April 2.
How many deaths from coronavirus worldwide?
|COUNTRY||NUMBER OF DEAD|
Sources: WHO, CDC, ECDC, NHC and DXY.
How many cases of coronavirus in the world?
|COUNTRY||CONFIRMED CASES OF CORONAVIRUS|
> See the number of cases in other countries
Sources: WHO, CDC, ECDC, NHC and DXY.
The President of the Republic announced on March 16 the closure of the borders of Europe and the Schengen area. Concretely, all trips between non-European countries and the EU are suspended for 30 days from Tuesday March 17. It is generally preferable to postpone trips abroad (including cruises) in view of the development of the Coronavirus Covid-19 epidemic and the restrictive measures taken by certain countries: entry ban on the territory, compulsory isolation, symptom detection measures … for travelers from France. People who have symptoms potentially linked to the Covid-19 coronavirus must absolutely avoid traveling abroad.
Italy is the country most affected by the coronavirus epidemic in Europe with 13,915 deaths linked to the coronavirus on April 2 (more than double observed in China) and more than 115,000 patients in the country. Monday March 9, the President of the Council, Giuseppe Conte, announced the quarantine of the whole territory be the total confinement of the 15 million Italians until April 3 (renewable). Transportation and essential public services continue to operate. Travel is limited throughout the country, except for proven professional reasons or for essential needs. In the event of non-compliance with the rules laid down by the government decree, the police can arrest the offender, who faces up to three months’ imprisonment or a fine going up 206 euros. Le pic de l’épidémie n’étant probablement pas atteint en Italie, le confinement dans le pays sera (comme chez nous) « inévitablement » prolongé après le 3 avril.
L’épidémie s’aggrave en Espagne avec une hausse de 32% du nombre de décès en un jour et de 25% du nombre de cas. TheSpain comptabilise désormais plus de 10 000 décès et plus de 110 000 cas confirmés au 2 avril, c’est le deuxième pays le plus touché en Europe et le quatrième dans le monde. La région de Madrid est la plus touchée, devant la Catalogne, le Pays basque et l’Andalousie. Le Premier ministre espagnol Pedro Sanchez a pris des mesures de confinement de la population depuis samedi 14 mars au soir, impliquant l’interdiction de circuler dans les rues sauf pour aller travailler, faire des courses (acheter du pain…) et se soigner. Les forces de l’ordre sont chargées de s’assurer du respect de cette interdiction. Les commerces jugés non-essentiels sont fermés dans tout le pays.
Apparu en Chine en décembre 2019 sur un marché locale de Wuhan, le coronavirus y a fait de nombreuses victimes. Sur les 939 000 malades recensés dans le monde, 82 000 sont en Chine et 3 300 en sont mortes. Au 27 mars, l’épidémie est « quasi-éteinte » en Chine selon le Directeur général de la Santé, Jérôme Salomon. Pékin a annoncé jeudi 26 mars la fermeture temporaire de ses frontières à la plupart des étrangers et va réduire ses vols internationaux dès samedi 28 mars pour éviter l’importation de nouveaux cas de coronavirus et une reprise de l’épidémie.
Autres actualités liées au coronavirus :
|DATES CLÉS DE L’ÉPIDÉMIE|