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Insurance for Dogs

Dogs trained to detect coronavirus in humans: how does it work? – Insurance for dogs


How many people can France test each week after deconfinement? The figure is not yet clear, even if the government expects 700,000 tests per week from Monday, May 11.

So maybe to test, the government can turn to … dogs. In fact, five Malinois shepherds from the Seine-et-Marne firefighters are currently being trained by the Maisons-Alfort veterinary school to sniff the virus.

According to Dominique Grandjean, professor at the veterinary school, the breed of the dog does not matter in this experiment.

“All dogs are able to work like that and use their noses. The canine breed has such an olfactory faculty that the breed does not matter. We have a dominant Belgian Malinois shepherd, German shepherds, but we might as well have labradors, hunting dogs .. ”, he explains.

The first step is first to verify that people with coronavirus have a “special” odor.

“It was based on a study by Alabama, it was a few years ago. They had successfully used dogs to screen for cattle diseases. We had to determine what types of samples we were going to do to train the dogs. We turned to sweat because it is the only excreta that does not carry the virus in infected people. So we take the sweat under our arms. Then we train the dog, that is, put the smell in his nose. And then we will start to compare with smells, sweats that come from negative patients and we will see what is going on, “he explains.

Check the reliability of the tests

In procedure, it’s much the same as when a dog is trained to detect explosives. If the test and training of the dogs have not been completed, a first positive result should be noted. “We know there is a specific scent. And that was the big stranger, “he said.

“What will take longer is the validation phase. We will have to multiply the samples, that we multiply the passages of the dogs and that we note each time that we have a false positive or a false negative. And we will have to see what reliability we can have, ”says Dominique Grandjean.

The experiment is conducted simultaneously on three sites: Maisons-Alforts, South Corsica and Beirut in Lebanon.



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Insurance for Dogs

Covid-19: dogs to detect carriers of the virus thanks to their scent – Insurance for dogs


Eight dogs from the Ajaccio fire and rescue services in Corsica are trained to detect the presence of coronavirus in the sweat of infected people. After several weeks, they may be able to identify in a crowd of people affected, a hope that nurtures several teams of researchers around the world.

“We already know that dogs have the ability to smell certain diseases. We also know that some viruses do have a specific smell.” It is on the basis of this observation that Dominique Grandjean, professor of the veterinary school of Maison-Alfort, in the Paris suburbs, interviewed there by 20 Minutes, launched a study to assess the capacity of dogs of the emergency services to identify people contaminated by Covid-19.

In the urine, stool, tears, saliva and sweat

Diabetes, malaria or certain cancers – lung, prostate – can be identified by certain dogs specially trained for this purpose. Experiments have been carried out on several occasions, with dogs which are trained by confronting the odor in question in the same way as for the search for people or explosives. The idea of ​​Professor Grandjean, also head of the veterinary service of the Paris fire brigade, is to reproduce this principle for the coronavirus.

A contaminated person, he observes, shows traces of his presence “in the urine, stool, tears or even saliva and sweat”, which are all vectors through which he evacuates the intruder. For this experience, the Maison-Alfort team and its partners decided to work on sweat, via samples taken from Covid hospital centers.

A game for broken animals to memorize smells

“The samples are placed in sterile jars then in a small hatch, near the dog’s favorite toy. Accompanied by his master, he comes to breathe this smell before recovering his toy”, describes Dominique Grandjean at our colleagues. Toy, because he has to choose a game and because the success of the dog will be sanctioned by a reward.

The first eight dogs are trained, by the Ajaccio firefighters, at the rate of a hundred presentations, each day, of pads impregnated with the sweat of patients. One more smell to memorize for animals that have several dozen in memory, for their work, nothing insurmountable according to the national veterinary school.

Research in Great Britain and the United Kingdom

The French, who are also associated with a Lebanese university, are not the only ones to work on this hypothesis. In Great Britain, Medical Detection Dogs, an association, pilots with two research and teaching institutions research of the same type, imagining after six to eight weeks of training having operational dogs. And being able to use them “to detect Covid-19 in airports at the end of the epidemic to quickly identify people carrying the virus”.

In the United States, the University of Pennsylvania is conducting a test with eight labradors., Which mentions shopping centers, hospitals, in general all the places with a lot of crowds. According to English researchers at the University of Durham, they could “sort” up to 250 people per hour, people who could be directed towards adequate care and more “classic” control.

In France, the first results of Pr Grandjean’s study are announced for mid-May. According to what it will be, the training of the dogs of the various rescue services – firefighters, Civil security – will be envisaged and their deployment planned, which could make it possible to hinder a resumption of the pandemic. This is all the hope pursued …

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Insurance for Dogs

Dogs trained to detect coronavirus in humans: how does it work? – Insurance for dogs


How many people can France test each week after deconfinement? The figure is not yet clear, even if the government expects 700,000 tests per week from Monday, May 11.

So maybe to test, the government can turn to … dogs. In fact, five Malinois shepherds from the Seine-et-Marne firefighters are currently being trained by the Maisons-Alfort veterinary school to sniff the virus.

According to Dominique Grandjean, professor at the veterinary school, the breed of the dog does not matter in this experiment.

“All dogs are able to work like that and use their noses. The canine breed has such an olfactory faculty that the breed does not matter. We have a dominant Belgian Malinois shepherd, German shepherds, but we might as well have labradors, hunting dogs .. ”, he explains.

The first step is first to verify that people with coronavirus have a “special” odor.

“It was based on a study by Alabama, it was a few years ago. They had successfully used dogs to screen for cattle diseases. We had to determine what types of samples we were going to do to train the dogs. We turned to sweat because it is the only excreta that does not carry the virus in infected people. So we take the sweat under our arms. Then we train the dog, that is, put the smell in his nose. And then we will start to compare with smells, sweats that come from negative patients and we will see what is going on, “he explains.

Check the reliability of the tests

In procedure, it’s much the same as when a dog is trained to detect explosives. If the test and training of the dogs have not been completed, a first positive result should be noted. “We know there is a specific scent. And that was the big stranger, “he said.

“What will take longer is the validation phase. We will have to multiply the samples, that we multiply the passages of the dogs and that we note each time that we have a false positive or a false negative. And we will have to see what reliability we can have, ”says Dominique Grandjean.

The experiment is conducted simultaneously on three sites: Maisons-Alforts, South Corsica and Beirut in Lebanon.



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Insurance for Dogs

In Ajaccio, dogs trained to detect a possible odor from the Covid-19 – Insurance for dogs


Ajaccio (AFP) – Will Inti, Nash, Onda and five other dogs become formidable agents in the fight against the Covid-19? Since Friday, these animals have been trained in Ajaccio to detect a possible odor of the virus, as part of a test conducted by veterinarians and firefighters.

Called Nosais, this research developed by Professor Dominique Grandjean of the National Veterinary School of Alfort, in the Paris region, plans to experiment with cynotechnical skills in order to identify particular odors that could be emitted by patients positive for coronavirus.

“If we can validate this experiment, the goal is to provide a complementary solution to the tests that already exist” to screen for the disease, explains to AFP Aymeric Bernard, chief veterinarian and cynotechnical advisor of the Fire and Rescue Service of Corse-du-Sud (SIS 2A), which takes part in the project.

“The hospital needs numerous and reliable means of screening. Today, the PCR test has a reliability of 70%. We therefore need to cross this test with other types of screening”, indicates for his part the director of Ajaccio hospital, Jean-Luc Pesce, insisting on the interest of this experiment for his establishment.

Corsica was one of the regions most affected by the coronavirus epidemic.

With the support of the prefecture of Corse-du-Sud, the Regional Health Agency of Corsica, and the Ajaccian hospitals of La Misericorde and Eugenie, six shepherds from Mechelen and a dog of the Cursinu breed from the Corse-du-Sud firefighters are therefore tested on the site of a future veterinary clinic.

“These dogs are usually used to search for missing or buried people under a collapse,” says Aymeric Benard.

A Malinois shepherd of the gendarmerie, “used within the framework of research of specific products” and therefore already educated in “odorology”, joined the team, he specifies.

– Dogs detecting other diseases –

Ajaccian hospitals will provide around 50 compresses placed for a few minutes under the armpits of patients who test positive for the virus.

“The point is that at the sweat level there is no viral expression today which has been noted and therefore a priori no risk of contamination, which means that the dog will be able to intervene in a secure manner “, specifies the SIS veterinarian.

Inserted in sterile jars, they will be placed in a small hatch, near the dog’s favorite toy.

Next to his master, the animal will then breathe this smell before retrieving his toy, and will therefore associate it with the game.

Then, the jar will be installed in one of the supports in the detection room. The goal for the dog will then be to “mark” by the sitting or lying position the support containing the positive compress, before being rewarded with his toy. A process that can be repeated fifty times a day for the next few weeks.

In the second phase, the dogs will be tested.

At the same time, the University of Corte (Haute-Corse), associated with the project, will work on the scientific validation of the protocol to determine on a cynotechnical level whether dogs can detect the smell of Covid-19.

“In addition, we want to check whether, using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry laboratory techniques, we can identify one or more compounds that can only be found on Covid positives”, reveals Aymeric Benard.

The dog is already used for the detection of several chronic diseases, certain cancers, malaria, or even Parkinson’s disease.

“Lately the Americans have also used the dog in herds of cattle for the detection of a viral disease and this has given very good results,” said Aymeric Benard.

The first results of this Nosais trial will be known in mid-May. After Corsica, other territories should join the experiment in the coming weeks, such as the fire and rescue service of Seine-et-Marne or the battalion of sailors and firefighters from Marseille.

The same Nosais trial is launched in Lebanon under the aegis of the Franco-Lebanese University and similar projects exist in Germany, Canada, Norway, the United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates, according to the initiators of the experiment.

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Insurance for Dogs

WHO warns of new rat-transmitted virus – Insurance for dogs


A new virus transmissible to humans is causing trouble in Hong Kong where a dozen people have tested positive for hepatitis E, caused by a virus from the rat. WHO has been warned of the existence of this virus in humans. Health authorities fear a new epidemic, estimating that several hundred people could be infected. WHO has been notified so that the existence of this virus is communicated to all countries. A new strain of hepatitis E from rats has been gaining ground in recent months in Hong Kong. While it has already resulted in the hospitalization of dozens of people, a report has been sent to WHO. A new strain of rat-transmitted hepatitis E, a disease also known as rat HEV, was discovered a few months ago in Hong Kong. A dozen people having tested positive, doctors do not exclude the existence of hundreds of others. The most recent case, diagnosed on April 30, is a 61-year-old man with abnormal liver function. The very first case was discovered in 2018, in a 56-year-old man who had had a liver transplant and had abnormal liver functions with no obvious cause. Tests established that his immune system responded to hepatitis E, but could not identify the human strain in his blood. Hepatitis E is a liver disease that causes fever, jaundice, and an enlarged organ. The virus comes in four species, only one of which has been known to infect humans. After improving the tests, the researchers discovered hepatitis E in rats in this man. “What is worrying is that this virus can pass from animals to humans. This infection was so unusual and unprecedented that the team wondered if it was a one-time incident, or a patient who was in the wrong place at the wrong time, “said microbiologist Siddharth Sridhar, one of the researchers behind the discovery. Specialists have sent WHO a report to alert all countries and help them prepare for a new epidemic.

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Insurance for Dogs

Covid-19: dogs to detect carriers of the virus thanks to their scent – Insurance for dogs


Eight dogs from the Ajaccio fire and rescue services in Corsica are trained to detect the presence of coronavirus in the sweat of infected people. After several weeks, they may be able to identify in a crowd of people affected, a hope that nurtures several teams of researchers around the world.

“We already know that dogs have the ability to smell certain diseases. We also know that some viruses do have a specific smell.” It is on the basis of this observation that Dominique Grandjean, professor of the veterinary school of Maison-Alfort, in the Paris suburbs, interviewed there by 20 Minutes, launched a study to assess the capacity of dogs of the emergency services to identify people contaminated by Covid-19.

In the urine, stool, tears, saliva and sweat

Diabetes, malaria or certain cancers – lung, prostate – can be identified by certain dogs specially trained for this purpose. Experiments have been carried out on several occasions, with dogs which are trained by confronting the odor in question in the same way as for the search for people or explosives. The idea of ​​Professor Grandjean, also head of the veterinary service of the Paris fire brigade, is to reproduce this principle for the coronavirus.

A contaminated person, he observes, shows traces of his presence “in the urine, stool, tears or even saliva and sweat”, which are all vectors through which he evacuates the intruder. For this experience, the Maison-Alfort team and its partners decided to work on sweat, via samples taken from Covid hospital centers.

A game for broken animals to memorize smells

“The samples are placed in sterile jars then in a small hatch, near the dog’s favorite toy. Accompanied by his master, he comes to breathe this smell before recovering his toy”, describes Dominique Grandjean at our colleagues. Toy, because he has to choose a game and because the success of the dog will be sanctioned by a reward.

The first eight dogs are trained, by the Ajaccio firefighters, at the rate of a hundred presentations, each day, of pads impregnated with the sweat of patients. One more smell to memorize for animals that have several dozen in memory, for their work, nothing insurmountable according to the national veterinary school.

Research in Great Britain and the United Kingdom

The French, who are also associated with a Lebanese university, are not the only ones to work on this hypothesis. In Great Britain, Medical Detection Dogs, an association, pilots with two research and teaching institutions research of the same type, imagining after six to eight weeks of training having operational dogs. And being able to use them “to detect Covid-19 in airports at the end of the epidemic to quickly identify people carrying the virus”.

In the United States, the University of Pennsylvania is conducting a test with eight labradors., Which mentions shopping centers, hospitals, in general all the places with a lot of crowds. According to English researchers at the University of Durham, they could “sort” up to 250 people per hour, people who could be directed towards adequate care and more “classic” control.

In France, the first results of Pr Grandjean’s study are announced for mid-May. According to what it will be, the training of the dogs of the various rescue services – firefighters, Civil security – will be envisaged and their deployment planned, which could make it possible to hinder a resumption of the pandemic. This is all the hope pursued …

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Insurance for Dogs

Public health: Congo and FAO at the front against rabies – Insurance for dogs


The Republic of Congo is the beneficiary of a project durable durable Sustainable control of human rabies transmitted by dogs in Central Africa ’’ which the UN agency is funding to the tune of 311,000 dollars, or more than 188 million FCFA. The project leaders recently met by videoconference to assess the impact of the activities carried out with the populations.

Indeed, many cases of infections and deaths due to dog bites have been reported in recent years by the department of major endemics. For example, more than five hundred people were bitten by dogs and one person by a cat in Pointe-Noire. There are two hundred children from 0 to 15 years old. Several other cases of infection have also been recorded in neighboring localities.

Faced with the risk of rabies for public health, FAO and its partners in the sub-region have committed themselves through a roadmap known as ” zero human mortality due to canine rabies by 2030 by Central Africa”. They promised to intensify field activities in the Covid-19 health crisis. ” It is about strengthening the capacities of Central African countries in the fight against zoonoses; develop eight national rabies elimination plans; operationalize the integrated surveillance and reporting system for animal and human rabies cases in the countries concerned “, Said an FAO press release.

At the end of the meeting, the participants agreed to reschedule field activities and extend information sharing. They will meet in the first week of next month, with the participation of the main partners, which are the sectoral ministries and municipalities of the countries, the Cémac Commission in charge of livestock and fishery resources, the World Health Organization and the World Rabies Alliance, we learned.

Note that rabies is a disease caused in humans by the bite of unvaccinated and infested animals (dogs, cats, monkeys, etc.) by a virus that is transmitted by saliva. There is therefore the risk of being infected even when one has only been licked or scratched by a dog. This is why health experts are counting on large-scale vaccination of dogs, rapid care of the sick and in addition to awareness campaigns with local communities.



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At least 650 dogs and cats chosen on the internet have been adopted at the SPA – Insurance for dogs


Since April 16, to relieve congestion at its 62 shelters and welcome new arrivals, the Society for the Protection of Animals welcomes applicants for adoption, who must first follow a procedure on the internet.

A new companion during confinement. More than 650 dogs and cats, chosen from the internet from photos and videos, have been adopted by the Society for the Protection of Animals (SPA) thanks to a government exemption granted in the name of animal welfare.

>> Find the latest information on the Covid-19 in our live

Since April 16, to relieve congestion at its 62 shelters and welcome new arrivals, the SPA has been welcoming adoption candidates, who must first follow a procedure on the internet. If the magic works in compliance with strict sanitary rules, they leave with their animal.

“We had 10,000 requests but we selected 700 dogs and cats eligible for ‘joint adoption’. This will allow us to resume pound exits and animals abandoned by their owners”, explains Jacques-Charles Fombonne, the president of the SPA, “delighted” that almost all the animals proposed for adoption have found a home.

Leaving with the identification papers of their new four-legged friend, the new masters will have to return to the SPA to finalize their adoption, after the containment has been lifted.

According to Jacques-Charles Fombonne, the system will remain unchanged until May 18. “But since people will be able to move, we will be able to welcome the whole family and open adoptions to all of our animals”he says. “We will also modify the conditions of access. Instead of making an appointment in the morning and one in the afternoon, we will welcome people every 90 minutes to organize 4, 5 or 6 adoptions per day, four days per week”.

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Insurance for Dogs

make a whole story out of this silent spring – Insurance for dogs


We cannot pretend. This spring, we saw it, and what we saw reminded us of something. Of course the man will come out, of course he will forget, of course he will not want to look back on his dead nor on these months of silence. But Man, it’s not us. No matter how much he forgets, how to get lost in his human world, to come back to him like an addiction, something will keep us from closing this spring.

The little old men of Bergamo suffocated with the same evil that suffocates the corals. There is no choice between them. It’s the same disease that kills people and the earth, it’s the same disease that spreads viruses and debrides cyclones. Ehpademia and geocide are two words for the same thing. Life dies before us. – Despite the beauty of the sky, despite the innocence of the beasts that come out of their dungeon and dare to live in broad daylight, there is no reason to rejoice in this terrible spring.

One morning Pandora untied the skin of the plagues and spread them in the wind. All the evils confined to it were released to the world, but Hope remained at the bottom. As France emerges, we launch the Pandemonium to bring this hope to life. We throw the Pandemonium so that something in us withdraws from the race and continues to observe its vow of containment. So that something in us continues to cultivate, confined in its cabin or locked up in its room, the silence of this spring. We are launching the Pandemonium because in the age of pandemics and the sixth extinction, the religion of the living is an office of the dead.

At the origin of this collective writing project, there are the spectral images of cruise ships refused by all the ports in the context of a pandemic. Behind these marine paradises, pride and metaphor of our petrosphere, changed into floating hells, loomed the memory of cursed navigations: from Ulysses failing from island to island to the curse of the flying Dutchman, of Old Sailor from Coleridge to Fitzcarraldo from Herzog.

“When the university lowered the curtain, we were reading The wild dog by Debbie B. Rose, – under title: Love and Extinction. The coincidence struck us as striking: love against extinction. Then came this idea, since we would never see each other, to embark all together on a writing cruise. Everyone would write from their home the diary of a passenger confined to the cabin of a liner wandering on a sea without ports. The PANDÉMONIUM 1 was this ocean liner. For those who wanted to talk about their own containment experience, their cabin would be their bedroom. For more than eight weeks, each being both the author isolated from his own text and the reader of all the others, the stories contaminated each other and wove a network of correspondences between the cabins.

This Monday, May 11, the day of deconfinement, we open to everyone this writing cruise. Anyone can book a cabin on the boat and confine a text like a time capsule. It takes a lot of stories, testimonies and fictions peddled from room to room to collectively understand what to give up and what we need to save.

Pandemonium is a Pean for the dead of this spring and for the world’s agony. Each and everyone is invited to write their part, utter a cry of hate, throw a burst of laughter, let their tears flow or sing their love there. Everyone is invited to make a fuss of this silent spring.

We asked Frank Smith to come aboard with us and recite at the bow as we leave the harbor. Let him be thanked for his text. The proper names encyclopedia is our only world tour. The jumble of the old atlases is no more than an empty word for word. Much more and long before being an accident, containment is our condition.



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Insurance for Dogs

At least 650 dogs and cats chosen on the internet have been adopted at the SPA – Insurance for dogs


Since April 16, to relieve congestion at its 62 shelters and welcome new arrivals, the Society for the Protection of Animals welcomes applicants for adoption, who must first follow a procedure on the internet.

A new companion during confinement. More than 650 dogs and cats, chosen from the internet from photos and videos, have been adopted by the Society for the Protection of Animals (SPA) thanks to a government exemption granted in the name of animal welfare.

>> Find the latest information on the Covid-19 in our live

Since April 16, to relieve congestion at its 62 shelters and welcome new arrivals, the SPA has been welcoming adoption candidates, who must first follow a procedure on the internet. If the magic works in compliance with strict sanitary rules, they leave with their animal.

“We had 10,000 requests but we selected 700 dogs and cats eligible for ‘joint adoption’. This will allow us to resume pound exits and animals abandoned by their owners”, explains Jacques-Charles Fombonne, the president of the SPA, “delighted” that almost all the animals proposed for adoption have found a home.

Leaving with the identification papers of their new four-legged friend, the new masters will have to return to the SPA to finalize their adoption, after the containment has been lifted.

According to Jacques-Charles Fombonne, the system will remain unchanged until May 18. “But since people will be able to move, we will be able to welcome the whole family and open adoptions to all of our animals”he says. “We will also modify the conditions of access. Instead of making an appointment in the morning and one in the afternoon, we will welcome people every 90 minutes to organize 4, 5 or 6 adoptions per day, four days per week”.