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Insurance for Dogs

The link between deforestation and the emergence of infectious diseases remains insufficiently understood – Insurance for dogs


By overexploiting the environment, humanity reveals microbes “hidden in the shadows”. But this subject is the subject of too little research, alert researchers.

The exact origin of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, which causes Covid-19 disease, has yet to be determined. If this research is still ongoing, scientists have suspected for months a recombination between the viruses of two different animal species, probably the bat and the pangolin, and which has caused a zoonosis, an infection of animal origin transmissible to humans. ‘To be human.

However, the deeper man enters wilderness areas, the more we exert pressure on flora and fauna, and the more likely these emerging infections will occur. This hypothesis, still debated in the scientific community, has gained momentum in recent weeks and has been reinforced by an analysis published in Frontiers in Medicine by experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) . According to them, the more the natural habitats shrink, the more the wild animals concentrate on smaller and smaller territories or migrate towards inhabited areas, thus favoring interspecies infections. “Humanity must change the way it treats nature, or else more deadly pandemics than the Covid-19 will unfold,” they warn.

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Insurance for Dogs

The Mexican stress reliever dog – Insurance for dogs


(Mexico) With his boots, glasses and protective suit, Harley “the One-Eyed” pug, trained as a therapist, begins a new day to relieve the stress of nursing staff at a hospital in Mexico City who are fighting the new coronavirus.



Natalia CANO
France Media Agency

Harley makes his way through the halls of the medical center alongside his owner, clinical neuropsychologist Lucía Ledesma, who puts on a pair of yellow rubber shoes and a fluorescent raincoat with a zipper.

She also covers her eyes with diving goggles, leaving her muzzle uncovered.

Obediently, the beige animal is ready to play for two hours with the doctors and nurses who are fighting the pandemic, finding their smile in the middle of exhausting days.

Dr. Ledesma, who calls Harley her “co-therapist”, says the presence of the dog helps “reduce psychological, emotional and psychological stress” for caregivers dealing with the emergency.

Harley “the One-eyed”, three years old and so nicknamed because of his visual impairment, is part of the service of psychiatry and neuropsychology of the National medical center of November 20.

Within it, he takes part in therapies for patients suffering from “psychiatric, psychological or neuropsychological diseases”, explains his mistress. “From a very young age, we trained him for this,” she says.

Harley’s role in these interventions has been reinforced by her docility and willingness to interact with people, generating empathy, Ledesma said.

PHOTO CLAUDIO CRUZ, FRANCE-PRESSE AGENCY

Some “colleagues want to play with Harley right away […] We must take into account the time of deprivation of physical contact that we have, especially among the front line staff, who have even isolated themselves from their own family for fear of contagion “.

Some “colleagues want to play with Harley right away […] We must take into account the time of deprivation of physical contact that we have, especially among the front line staff, who have even isolated themselves from their own family for fear of contagion, “says the specialist.

Ledesma explains that since February, she and her team have been considering incorporating the dog into an emotional support project, anticipating the stress that the epidemic would cause and, in particular, possible congestion in hospitals.

This group includes specialists in biosafety, veterinary medicine and nursing.

Mexico City and the surrounding area of ​​Mexico State is the region most affected by COVID-19 throughout the country.

As of Wednesday, the capital had 10,946 of 40,186 confirmed cases and 1,057 of 4,220 dead nationwide, according to official figures.



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Insurance for Dogs

An SME in Montpellier has produced a million serological tests, among the most effective according to the CHU – Insurance for dogs


In a test laboratory for coronavirus. Drawing. – Rainer Droese – Sipa

  • The Montpellier CHU has judged and compared nine serological tests since the start of the coronavirus health crisis. “One of those that showed the best performance was developed by the company IDvet,” explains the hospital.
  • Based in Grabels, in the metropolis of Montpellier, this SME specializes in the development and production of diagnostic tools for animal and zoonotic infectious diseases.
  • Serological tests are techniques for detecting antibodies. They make it possible to assess the proportion of people who have contracted the virus in a given population.

The CHU of
Montpellier has judged and compared the performance of nine serological screening tests for
coronavirus. “Among those who showed the best performance, one of them was developed by a Montpellier SME, the company IDvet,” explains the hospital center.

The study showing the effectiveness of the test was conducted by the virology laboratory of the CHU. It relied on blood samples from patients treated at the hospital and whose diagnosis of Covid-19 was established.

Specialist in animal diseases transmissible to humans

This SME based in Grabels, in the metropolis of Montpellier, employs more than a hundred people and has a consolidated turnover of more than 15 million euros in 2018. Created in 2004, it specializes in the development and production of diagnostic tools for infectious animal and zoonotic diseases.

It provides laboratories around the world with millions of tests to screen for animal diseases transmissible to humans, such as avian flu or bovine tuberculosis. “Independent, IDvet finances its development projects itself. This allows it to react very quickly to the emergence of new infectious diseases “, underlines Philippe Pourquier, CEO of the PME.

Tests “essential from an epidemiological point of view”

“The serological tests are interesting because they shed light on how the infection was able to spread in our region,” details the Montpellier University Hospital. These tests make it possible to retrospectively know what has happened in a population, by targeting groups of people: caregivers, residents of nursing homes, general population. This knowledge is essential from an epidemiological point of view. And to know for example since when, precisely, the virus circulates in Occitanie and more generally in France.

Serological tests are techniques for detecting antibodies. They make it possible to assess the proportion of people who have contracted the virus in a given population. They are different from virological tests (PCR), which determine whether a person is affected by the virus. “It is a complementary method to PCR particularly useful for hospital patients and consultants when virological tests are negative while the clinical picture or pulmonary imaging are suggestive”, specifies the Montpellier University Hospital. IDvet explains that its serological test can detect antibodies against Covid ‐ 19 with a specificity of 99.9%.

Validated by the national virus reference center

In total, more than 10,000 tests have been offered by the company to several hospital laboratories, including a part at the CHU in Montpellier and the IHU in Marseille. To date, the company has already produced a million tests.



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Insurance for Dogs

she offers a spa with essential oils for dogs – Insurance for dogs


The layman might believe that the sign “Bibi club la vie en rose” houses lighter activity than dog grooming. Well no. Since the closure of her old shop on rue Grenouilla in Agen, Eva Mathieu no longer trades around the pleasures of mankind.

Make way for pampering dogs. But there either. No question of butting. Rue des Îles, in this living room paradise of the furry beast, the species can now enjoy, as its master goes to the spa, the pleasures of balneotherapy.

“The tub arrived just before confinement. I couldn’t get it connected. But a plumber came by. It’s okay. I even got essential oils for the baths.”

Molded for all sizes, from mastiff to pug, this relaxation area with hot water and massages must be officially inaugurated by the dogs of the owner who has invested 2000 euros in this project. It is undoubtedly the first of its kind in the department.

“I have discussed this with colleagues, it’s really effective for stressed dogs with rheumatism“, prescribes the Agen woman who has crossed her confinement to commit agricultural work.” I picked strawberries, tied the vine, planted the melons. You had to pay the bills well. “Suddenly on the grooming table and under the tools, the races have followed one another since the lifting of the confinement. The pace is fast. Without sacrificing rigor and thoroughness.

“I spend about two hours per dog,” says Eva, who is busy combing Tequila. “I don’t know how others can do it unless.”

Its balneotherapy service will be available after a grooming session. It will cost 7 euros extra for a little less than half an hour of well-being and papouilles. A bite of mash.

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Insurance for Dogs

In the Philippines, no mercy for the refractory to containment – Insurance for dogs


In a dog cage, five people, including two minors, were arrestedes in the Philippines for failing to comply with the containment established because of the coronavirus pandemic which left 800 dead. The refractories are forced to wander the streets of a city not far from the capital, with a coffin on their back. A deliberately degrading and humiliating method.

The Philippines is the most severely affected country in Southeast Asia by coronavirus, and authorities say they want to make an impression. Police made 38,000 arrests in a few days. They are people accused of not respecting confinement or social distancing. These methods were directly inspired by President Rodrigo Duterte: “I would not hesitate to ask the soldiers to shoot, the police to arrest you and imprison you.“Human rights organizations are calling for a more humane and, above all, less violent approach. In the capital Manila, 40% of the population lives in slums.

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Insurance for Dogs

Dogs are able to detect 5 picoliters of gasoline! – Insurance for dogs


A well-trained dog can smell tiny amounts of gasoline in a burned house. Researchers have managed to find the limit of the sensitivity of their nose for the detection of this well known fire accelerator.

Dogs to spot traces of flammable liquids

during a fire investigation, a dog can be used to identify debris containing traces of flammable liquids – which may support the hypothesis that a fire was the result of an arson“, explains in & nbsp; Robin Abel, researcher in the chemistry department of the University of Alberta (Canada).” data-reactid = “25”> The sensitivity of the canine truffle is no longer to be demonstrated: when we rely on the efficiency of our 5 million olfactory receptors, dogs can count on 300 million of these cells . We are therefore no longer surprised by the multitude of areas in which their sense of smell is used: detection of diseases, explosives, drugs or even missing persons. But that’s not all : “during a fire investigation, a dog can be used to identify debris containing traces of flammable liquids – which may support the hypothesis that a fire was the result of an arson“, explains in Robin Abel, researcher in the chemistry department of the University of Alberta (Canada).

A study he conducted with his team and two dog-handler pairs specializing in the search for clues in burned places, made it possible to make several observations. The first dog was trained to detect many flammable liquids. The second was mostly trained with gasoline. The study reveals first of all that the non-specialized dog is well capable of detecting all fire accelerators while the other cannot generalize its detection to all flammable products when they are presented in very low concentration.

Dogs more efficient than laboratory tests

The researchers have also developed a special protocol to accurately assess the olfactory performance of these dogs. Thanks to the installation of a particular substrate, ultra clean revealing no other odor than that of the product studied – here the essence – the aut[…]

Read more on sciencesetavenir.fr“data-reactid =” 29 “> Read more on sciencesetavenir.fr

Read also

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Insurance for Dogs

The genesis of the virus crucial to understanding how it “invaded” us, according to the WHO – Insurance for dogs


The origin of the new coronavirus remains at this stage uncertain, but it is nevertheless essential to understand how the virus has “invaded the human race” in a few months, explains a senior official of the WHO in an interview with AFP.

In late March, President Donald Trump and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping concluded an informal truce in the war of words between the two great powers on the origin of the disease.

But the truce quickly shattered.

The Trump administration, which accuses the Chinese authorities of having delayed alerting the world to the epidemic, now openly suspects China of having hidden a laboratory accident which would have been at the origin of the pandemic. What Beijing denies.

Without saying a word, Sylvie Briand, head of infectious risk management at the World Health Organization, nevertheless considers “interesting to know the origin of the virus to understand how it evolved”.

“It is a virus of animal origin transmitted to humans. And so we must try to understand what made that the adaptation of this virus allowed it to invade the human species ”, she analyzes in front of the WHO headquarters in Geneva.

The first cases of SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing Covid-19 disease, were reported in late December in the Wuhan region of China. Since then, the pandemic has killed nearly 300,000 people.

Many researchers believe that the new coronavirus was born in bats, but scientists believe that it passed through another species before being transmitted to humans.

“The virus has multiplied in these animals, has changed a little bit as these passages and finally led to a form of virus” transmissible to humans, said Sylvie Briand, who directed the program WHO influenza during the H1N1 pandemic in 2009.

– ‘Thousands of direct debits’ –

Tracing the origin of the virus, by finding its intermediate hosts, would allow, according to this French scientist, “to prevent the phenomenon from happening again and to avoid ping-pong phenomena” of transmission between humans and animals.

Because “each time there are these passages from one species to another, the virus can change a little bit and that can have an impact for example on treatments (…) or vaccines that can no longer be effective enough, ”she explains.

For the moment, many unknowns persist. And this, although there have been “thousands and thousands of samples” made, in particular on “many animals in the Wuhan market” but also on dogs in Hong Kong, she noted, stressing that these analyzes take time.

These samples are taken by the countries, underlines Ms. Briand, but the WHO “encourages them to share information between them” to speed up research.

The United States and Australia have called for an international investigation into the origin of the virus. More diplomatic, the WHO called on Beijing to “invite” to investigate the matter.

Shortly after, China proposed in early May the creation of a commission under the aegis of the world health authorities to assess the “global response” to Covid-19, and only after the epidemic had ended.

The Chinese authorities have stressed that the approach should be validated beforehand by the World Health Assembly of WHO or its executive board – the two main organs of the international organization based in Geneva and which meet next week at their annual meeting.

These debates should also focus, according to Ms. Briand, on the need to “refine” the WHO health alert system, which only allows to declare whether there is an international health emergency or not while the previous process was in six phases, the last of which was the pandemic.

“We have to come up with a system that can launch alerts so that people prepare, but at the same time tell them if it is imminent or if it will happen in a few weeks or in a few months and tell them better what they should prepare for, ”she says.

Categories
Insurance for Dogs

Dogs are able to detect 5 picoliters of gasoline! – Insurance for dogs


A well-trained dog can smell tiny amounts of gasoline in a burned house. Researchers have managed to find the limit of the sensitivity of their nose for the detection of this well known fire accelerator.

Dogs to spot traces of flammable liquids

during a fire investigation, a dog can be used to identify debris containing traces of flammable liquids – which may support the hypothesis that a fire was the result of an arson“, explains in & nbsp; Robin Abel, researcher in the chemistry department of the University of Alberta (Canada).” data-reactid = “25”> The sensitivity of the canine truffle is no longer to be demonstrated: when we rely on the efficiency of our 5 million olfactory receptors, dogs can count on 300 million of these cells . We are therefore no longer surprised by the multitude of areas in which their sense of smell is used: detection of diseases, explosives, drugs or even missing persons. But that’s not all : “during a fire investigation, a dog can be used to identify debris containing traces of flammable liquids – which may support the hypothesis that a fire was the result of an arson“, explains in Robin Abel, researcher in the chemistry department of the University of Alberta (Canada).

A study he conducted with his team and two dog-handler pairs specializing in the search for clues in burned places, made it possible to make several observations. The first dog was trained to detect many flammable liquids. The second was mostly trained with gasoline. The study reveals first of all that the non-specialized dog is well capable of detecting all fire accelerators while the other cannot generalize its detection to all flammable products when they are presented in very low concentration.

Dogs more efficient than laboratory tests

The researchers have also developed a special protocol to accurately assess the olfactory performance of these dogs. Thanks to the installation of a particular substrate, ultra clean revealing no other odor than that of the product studied – here the essence – the aut[…]

Read more on sciencesetavenir.fr“data-reactid =” 29 “> Read more on sciencesetavenir.fr

Read also

Categories
Insurance for Dogs

The genesis of the virus crucial to understand how it “invaded” us, according to the WHO – Insurance for dogs


The origin of the new coronavirus remains at this stage uncertain, but it is nevertheless essential to understand how the virus “invaded the human race” in a few months, explains a senior official of the WHO in an interview with AFP.

In late March, President Donald Trump and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping concluded an informal truce in the war of words between the two great powers on the origin of the disease.

But the truce quickly shattered.

The Trump administration, which accuses the Chinese authorities of having delayed alerting the world to the epidemic, now openly suspects China of having hidden a laboratory accident which would have been at the origin of the pandemic. What Beijing denies.

Without saying a word, Sylvie Briand, head of infectious risk management at the World Health Organization, nevertheless considers “interesting to know the origin of the virus to understand how it evolved”.

“It is a virus of animal origin transmitted to humans. And so we have to try to understand what made the adaptation of this virus allow it to invade the human species”, he analyzes. her in front of WHO headquarters in Geneva.

The first cases of SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing Covid-19 disease, were reported in late December in the Wuhan region of China. Since then, the pandemic has killed nearly 300,000 people.

Many researchers believe that the new coronavirus was born in bats, but scientists believe that it passed through another species before being transmitted to humans.

“The virus has multiplied in these animals, has transformed a little bit as these passages and finally resulted in a form of virus” transmissible to humans, said Sylvie Briand, who directed the program WHO influenza during the H1N1 pandemic in 2009.

– ‘Thousands of direct debits’ –

Tracing the origin of the virus, by finding its intermediate hosts, would, according to this French scientist, “prevent the phenomenon from happening again and avoid ping-pong phenomena” of transmission between humans and animals.

Because “each time there are these passages from one species to another, the virus can modify a little bit and that can have an impact for example on treatments (…) or vaccines which can no longer be effective enough, “she explains.

For the moment, many unknowns persist. And this, although there have been “thousands and thousands of samples” made, in particular on “many animals in the Wuhan market” but also on dogs in Hong Kong, she noted, stressing that these analyzes take time.

These samples are taken by the countries, underlines Ms. Briand, but the WHO “encourages them to share information between them” to speed up research.

Sylvie Briand, head of infectious risk management at the World Health Organization (WHO), on May 12, 2020 in front of the organization’s premises in Geneva (AFP – Fabrice COFFRINI)

The United States and Australia have called for an international investigation into the origin of the virus. More diplomatic, the WHO called on Beijing to “invite” to investigate the matter.

Shortly afterwards, China proposed in early May the creation of a commission under the aegis of the world health authorities to assess the “global response” to Covid-19, and only after the epidemic had ended.

The Chinese authorities have stressed that the approach should be validated beforehand by the World Health Assembly of WHO or its executive board – the two main organs of the international organization based in Geneva and which meet next week at their annual meeting.

These debates should also focus, according to Ms. Briand, on the need to “refine” the WHO health alert system, which only allows to declare whether there is an international health emergency or not while the previous procedure was in six phases, the last of which was the pandemic.

“We have to come up with a system that can launch alerts so that people prepare, but at the same time tell them if it is imminent or if it will happen in a few weeks or a few months and tell them better what they should prepare for, “she says.

Categories
Insurance for Dogs

Cymes presents dog screening experiences – Insurance for dogs


A very interesting experiment is carried out by the national veterinary school of Maisons-Alfort to detect people infected with the coronavirus. It was initiated by a professor from Alfort, Dominique Grandjean. The idea is disconcertingly simple. This is’use dogs’ noses to find out if someone has the disease, Covid-19, has symptoms or is asymptomatic.

We all know that dogs have a finely smelling smell that escapes us, poor humans. It is even the most developed sense of man’s best friend. The dog has 200 million olfactory cells when man has only 5 million. As they say, there is no photo.

This is why customs officials use dogs to detect, for example, the presence of drugs or banknotes in the luggage of traffickers. We even noticed that dogs are able to detect the presence of cancer cells in a human body. When there is a tumor somewhere, it releases metabolites, and a trained dog is able to react if it senses something. It would therefore not be the first time that these animals have entered the medical world to refer doctors.

The smell of coronavirus

However, all this requires a prerequisite: the coronavirus must have an odor. For the moment, the study is in progress. It started in early May and should deliver its first conclusions in a few days. But initial findings indicate that lThe dog reacts differently when there is a positive sample.

The tests are done in using the sweat of infected people. A dozen dogs are currently in training, mainly in Corsica since it is the Ajaccio gendarmerie which is at the forefront on the subject. The interest of the operation is that it would eventually set up mass screening, why not at airports. The idea may seem attractive on paper, but does not take into account other parameters.

Long dog training

First, the number of dogs likely to be used for public health. Difficult to assess how much it would take, but it is obvious that the ten dogs currently in training will not be enough.

Second, you don’t train a dog in this kind of exercise in 5 minutes. It takes time to make the animal understand that if it detects an infected person, it will be entitled to an additional pâté. Because if the dog has olfactory capacities superior to ours, as far as the brain is concerned, we are still far ahead. We can’t have it all.

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