After the end of the year holidays, vacations and having shared some days with our pets, it is time to return to the routine of daily life, work, school or university, and It becomes very difficult for both us and our furry friends to get used to being alone or not seeing each other as often.
It is there when barks and howls appear, as do the complaints of the neighbors, and also the restlessness and destruction in our house. If these behavioral changes are familiar to us, perhaps our pet is having an episode of separation anxiety.
It is the set of anomalous activities, such as destroying objects, barking, howling, elimination of feces or urine in inappropriate places, among others.
What is it?
According to clinical ethology – the discipline of veterinary science that is responsible for studying animal behavior – separation anxiety is a behavioral disorder more frequently observed in dogs than in cats.
It is the set of anomalous activities, how to destroy objects, barking, howling, elimination of feces or urine in inappropriate places, among others, which occur as a result of the restlessness and stress caused by the anticipation of a negative damage or stimulus for our pets, as it is to stay or feel alone. Although it is important to note that not always that there are changes in the behavior of our dogs or cats is because they suffer from separation anxiety.
What causes it?
Dogs and cats are considered social animals that create emotional bonds with their peers or with their human families, and their wildlife ancestors associated moments of loneliness with moments in which their lives were in danger and they had to remain alert.
When the dog or cat is very puppy and has been used to being always accompanied, he suffers from anxiety the first times he feels abandoned.
Although some experts believe that separation anxiety occurs only when our pet is very attached to us, three situations can be distinguished in particular:
– For dogs or cats there are no definitive routines. That is why in these times, when they have been accustomed to our company and from one moment to another we are no longer with them for long periods of time, they usually manifest stress symptoms.
– When the dog or cat is very puppy and has been used to being always accompaniedHe suffers from anxiety the first times he feels abandoned.
– Animals that had not previously shown symptoms, but suddenly change their behavior as a result of trauma or fear – such as accidents, gunpowder, storms, among others – associated with the periods in which they were alone.
What are the most common symptoms?
As mentioned earlier, not all symptoms can be associated with this disorder, so receiving advice from an ethologist veterinarian is key to both diagnosis and treatment.
– Vocalizations: barking, howling and constant whining.
– Inappropriate Disposal: Animals that already have learned behaviors and places suitable for disposal and suddenly begin to urinate and defecate at home. It usually occurs in the form of constant urination and small amounts, and stools of liquid consistency with diarrheal appearance.
– Destructive behaviors: when they are alone they can break blinds, doors, windows or furniture, looking for escape routes.
– Hyperactivity: they are restless, they make routes and repetitive movements.
– Inapetence: they manifest depression, inactivity, lack of appetite and apathy.
– Anorexy: Our furry friends do not eat when we are not at home.
The most important thing is to educate them lovingly from puppies so that, already in adult life, it will be easier for them to spend time alone and they can become comfortable while we are not at home.
How to modify this behavior?
The most important thing is to educate them lovingly from puppies so that, already in adult life, it is easier for them to spend time alone and they can become comfortable while we are not at home.
– Provide a safe environment, reliable and that stimulates them mentally, where they have everything they need: toys, bed, food, etc.
– Perform physical exercise of medium or low intensity every day, it makes the brain stimulated and they get home tired.
– It has been proven to use aromatherapy and soothing music at low volume makes loneliness more bearable.
VETERINARY PHYSICIAN @NoSoyEseGabo