With more than 200 associations in the field, the volunteers of the foundation take care of 42,000 stray cats in particular. But this mission does not appear explicitly on the documents of the Ministry of the Interior to derogate from confinement, in the midst of a coronavirus epidemic.
The 30 million friends foundation faces challenges for its volunteers who feed wild animals in cities. The legal service must intervene to avoid fines as much as possible for non-compliance with the confinement rules, which does not openly provide for this type of support, while the Covid-19 coronavirus epidemic continues in France and worldwide.
A real problem for the association, which has signed agreements with the municipalities to feed these animals. It has a network of more than 200 associations in the field and 42,000 stray cats to feed, among others. “It’s very complicated because we recognize volunteering on paper, but it is not always the case on the ground”, explains Arnault Lhomme, survey manager of the foundation.
When they intervene, the volunteers are in legal insecurity. Their mission does not appear explicitly on the documents of the Ministry of the Interior. The foundation alerted the Ministry of Agriculture to try to find a solution and break this deadlock. “This week in Vesoul, a nurse was fined by the city police station, says Arnault Lhomme. Fortunately, the mayor with whom we have a partnership has written an employer certificate so that the volunteers can feed the stray cats, but we have many other concerns. “
Another difficulty for 30 million friends is the closure of the places where stray animals take refuge. In Paris, she is trying to have the Parc de Bagatelle opened, in which there are about 80 cats.
Cooperation and mutual aid between animals and between people has shaped the world even more than the struggle for life. According to Peter Kropotkin, it is the crucial principle to give everyone and each other the greatest certainty, the best guarantee of existence and of progress.
Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921) is considered the most important anarchist theorist. He renounced a career in the service of the Tsar, published about his interesting geographical investigations in Siberia, but eventually chose to devote his life to propaganda for anarchism and to provide a scientific basis for it.
In Mutual Aid, first published in 1903, Kropotkin applies his geographic investigations in Siberia and his study of animal behavior to a critical examination of evolution. His arguments remarkably anticipate contemporary ecologists’ view that the world of nature is one of cooperation rather than struggle.
In a series of large-scale essays in the magazine The Nineteenth Century Kropotkin elaborated on Darwinism. He opposed the one-sided interpretation of Darwinism that the expression “struggle for existence” (“struggle for life“And” the survival of the fittest “(“survival of the fittestDeliberately explained way too literally. The resulting social Darwinian concepts such as eugenics and racial doctrine labeled Kropotkin as despicable and dangerous, and turned against these interpretations and its spokespersons.
Kropotkin showed that in his lifetime Darwin distanced himself from the “struggle for existence” theory: “The struggle for life excludes a grim war in the bosom of tribes and groups: it cannot be a struggle for individual benefits. It must be a united struggle of the groups against their common enemies and against adverse environmental factors. ”Kropotkin relied on Darwin’s scientific insights when he showed that he had already recognized the significance of social relations in evolution and not the nature in a permanent struggle of all against all.
Kropotkin accepted Darwin’s theory of evolution as a scientific basis for the analysis of human society, but on the one hand he changed the notion of “struggle for existence” and contrasted it with a second, equally important factor of development: mutual aid. He wrote, “He [Darwin] showed how in many animal societies the struggle for livelihoods between individual individuals disappears, how struggle is replaced by cooperation, and how this substitution ultimately leads to the development of spiritual and moral capacities, guaranteeing the species the best chance of survival. He stressed that in such cases the most suitable are neither the physically strongest nor the most cunning, but those who have learned to bond in such a way that they support each other, strong or weak, for the good of the community. (…) Unfortunately, these comments, which could have been the basis of very fruitful research, were eclipsed by the multitudes of facts gathered to illustrate the consequences of a real struggle for existence. “
According to Kropotkin, through mutual aid many species, of which the individual creatures would be defeated in the “struggle for existence”, could even survive against others. This social behavior would be the most important “weapon” in the struggle for survival.
Kropotkin linked the development of intellectual capacities to social behavior. For him, sociality is a “main factor of development, both directly, because the improvement of the species is accompanied by the least possible physical exertion, and indirectly, because the development of the mind is favored.” According to Kropotkin, a co- evolution between social behavior and mind takes place. Due to an “increasing sociality, the creation and differentiation of institutions became possible.” Sociality and progress stimulate each other, in the “struggle of all against all” there is no progressive further development. He therefore demanded: “Unite, practice mutual aid! That is the surest means of giving everyone and each other the greatest certainty, the best guarantee of existence and progress, physically, mentally and morally. (…) That is also what man – primitive man – has done, and that is why man has reached the level where we are now. ”
According to Kropotkin, there are two basic aspirations of man: sociality and individuality. Working together on social and individual aspirations in human behavior forms the basis for him to explain the zoological question about the relationship between individual and society. For Kropotkin, striving for sociality and individuality are the mutually complementary basic conditions for a libertarian society. Those institutions in the history of humanity that could combine both aspirations well proved to be the best afterwards. Kropotkin pointed to the tendency towards ever larger associations that respond to the pursuit of mutual aid. The group size of the individual subsystems was thereby reduced. This not only enabled the satisfaction of the urge for individuality, but also strengthened the urge for mutual help through closer contact with each other.
The conception of the peaceful, solidarity-based nature of man was based by Kropotkin on the proposition that the principle of mutual aid in man’s natural and social history has played a much greater role than the principle of competition. Mutual aid practiced from the beginning of animal and human society would have become a helpful habit and a natural rule of behavior over time.
Solidarity is a necessary condition for comparison with nature or the hostile environment. Mutual aid has developed in early human societies, the hordes and the tribes. Kropotkin: “The first human societies were only a further development of societies that form the real life element of the higher animals.” Solidarity only had something in common with altruism in exceptional cases, it is a natural phenomenon. The first human societies identified their own existence with the tribe or the horde, which was developed and maintained through the necessities of the “struggle for life.” Only a great deal of mutual aid resulted in a corresponding strength of the tribe or the horde, which considerably alleviates the conflict with nature. Solidarity was expressed mainly in total communal property, in the common search for food, in the equitable distribution of food to one another or in support for the elderly and the sick.
Solidarity is a central factor in the progressive social development. Kropotkin conceived mutual aid as a principle of evolution in natural and social history. In the course of human development, solidarity increased and was one of the most important preconditions for human progress. Kropotkin sought to demonstrate that wherever social progress in the sense of the development of productive forces or the development of science and art occurs, “the constructive genius of the masses in their institutions of mutual aid” was the basis for this progress. Kropotkin attributed a strong dynamic to human social drive, which would be able to overcome antisocial social relations. From this he developed a tireless optimism in social progress.
Kropotkin considered the factor of development “mutual aid as an instrument of progress”, that is, the social realization of the principle of solidarity and mutual aid meant progress for Kropotkin. He defined progress as a form of social life that “ensures a particular society and, above all, humanity the greatest happiness.” Kropotkin was convinced that humanity was on the path of this progress, which will ultimately lead to the total liberation of the individual people. In the ideal of anarchist communism he sees the realization of progress.
He understood man as a moral being: “Since man does not live alone, feelings and useful habits develop in him to maintain society and to multiply its species. Without these social feelings, without solidarity, common life would be impossible, unimaginable. “Without reason, self-respect, compassion and mutual aid,” the species would decay. Since man is a community, the freedom of the individual for Kropotkin can only be a freedom connected with other people, a collective idea and freedom founded on the equality of all.
In his historical analysis of the history of humanity, he sees time and time again forms of mutual aid appearing: in the prehistoric horde, in the village communities, in the guilds in the medieval cities and in the extra-state associations in the new age.
– Today we see how mutual aid is resurfacing and taking on thousands of guises: from neighborhood committees, food distributions and cooperatives to free health care, education or public transportation from the bottom up. We see it in the countless people who work for others in the fight against the virus. That is the best guarantee for a liveable world.
* This article is a brief summary of the relevant chapter from Michael Lausberg, “Anarchist Communism. Peter Kropotkin’s Philosophy, Utrecht: Basement Publishing House, 2019. In 2013 a reprint of Peter Kropotkin’s ‘Mutual Aid’ was published by the same publishing house. (www.kelderuitgeverij.nl)
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The inner city of Freiberg on Monday evening: fewer shop windows than before the corona crisis are illuminated, the darkness yawns from the others. Most shops are closed on Tuesday morning. Only pharmacies, opticians, hearing aid shops and stores that sell groceries are open. These include bakeries and pastry shops, the Bergmann butcher’s shop, the two fish shops, the drugstore, the Franke medical supply store, the supermarkets, the Vorwerk Podemus organic store, the two Siggis Sachsenkauf shops, the “Mäc Geiz” market, the Andaluza wine shop and the Arabian shop , Tobacco and liquor stores and vegetable shops. There are often signs that customers should keep their distance and only a limited number are allowed in the store.
Craft businesses are an exception. “Watchmakers can offer repairs, but customers can only enter individually,” says watchmaker Henning Pätz. Only one customer used it on Tuesday. The FTT television technology business in Petersstrasse also offers repair and antenna construction services after telephone consultation. Anyone who walks by during the day can still look forward to a sound system with Joe Cocker & Co.
Many other closed shops, such as the large chains such as “Blume 2000”, “Tchibo”, “Intersport” and “Hunkemöller”, have internet offers or the possibility to order by phone. The booksellers are in charge. The bookstores “Seitenweise” (www.seitenweise.de) and “Glück auf (www.glueckaufbuch.buchandlung.de) refer to their online offers. Heike Wenige from the paperback shop even gives reading tips in videos on Facebook. (Www.taschenbuchladen.de ) “Delivery is possible to your home or by post,” said Heike Wenige.
Also the Möhrl tea house (www.teehausmörl.de), the Freiberg porcelain shop (www.freiberger-porzellan.com), photographer master Nicole Weber (die-fotomeisterin.de) and the “Freie Presse” (www.freiepresse.de/meinShop) have an online shop. Annette Haber from Bodega Andaluza says: “We have had an internet shop for 20 years. It works great.” In contrast, Anke Krause, the owner of a stationery store, only started building up an online trade four days ago. “My children support me in this,” says the boss of the Freiberg trade association. And she adds: “I can only encourage retailers to get tips from their children, young employees and trainees who are on the go on social media, because they have this competence.” Anke Krause has already served the first customers online. “Now I have time to familiarize myself with it. And I hope that this will help me in the future and that I can use the crisis as an opportunity.” The trade association does not plan to set up its own online shops for dealers. “Discussions are currently underway with the city administration to publish the offers of the shops on the city’s website,” said Anke Krause.
The “Free Press” offers companies and initiatives free help:
Business is increasingly relying on the Internet
An online catalog Liane Rickert, owner of the new shop “Lianes Webdesign und Fotografie”, wants to create for the traders in Mittweida together with the trade ring and the city. The owners can offer their products and services there. “I was approached by some dealers whose existence was threatened,” said the entrepreneur. The aim of the online catalog is to bring regional retailers closer to their customers and not to lose the market in the corona crisis. The service will be free for traders. “In order not to burden the dealers financially, I pay for the catalog,” says Rickert. This should later be supplemented by a Stadtonlineshop. Interested parties can contact Liane Rickert until March 25, call 0176 30685055 or email@example.com.
Sandy Löbel had to close their children’s shop Malu in Rochlitz for the time being. She is currently using social media, recording small videos and presenting toys. “We want to stay in people’s memories.” They take orders by phone or e-mail – the goods are then sent by post.
The Bar Academy in Flöha currently offers reduced vouchers for courses and cocktails, says owner Tilo Erdmann (www.bar-academy.de).
The specialist dealer Boxolutions from Brand-Erbisdorf offers in its online shop (www.boxolutions.de), for example, Easter grass, cuddly wood wool for pets and ziplock bags. (efh / hh / cdo)
In December 2019, an unknown virus from the coronavirus family appeared in central China. Despite the confinement of nearly 60 million people living mainly in Hubei province, this virus has killed 3,270 people.
This Covid-19 epidemic soon spread to other countries, becoming a global pandemic within a few weeks, pushing a large part of the planet to live under cover and in slow motion. As of March 23, this coronavirus has killed 16,961 worldwide, 860 in France.
1. What is Covid-19 coronavirus?
Covid-19 is part of the large family of coronaviruses responsible for simple colds, but also more severe pathologies such as SARS in 2003.
This virus is spread through close contact between two people through the respiratory tract (postillions or sneezing) or through direct contact (handshakes, etc.).
The virus, which can remain active for several hours, can also be transmitted through contact with infected surfaces of the carrier. Scientists say Covid-19 is at least as contagious as SARS-CoV. The incubation time for the virus would be approximately 14 days.
Read also: what are the differences between Covid-19 and influenza?
2. What are the symptoms of Covid-19?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the most common symptoms of coronavirus are fever, fatigue and dry cough. Some patients experience pain, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are generally mild and appear gradually. Some people, although infected, have no symptoms and feel good, says the WHO.
Read: What are the symptoms of Covid-19 contamination?
3. What should I do if I have symptoms?
Do you think you have the symptoms of Covid-19? The course of action recommended by the health authorities is as follows: contact your doctor or any other general practitioner by telephone or teleconsultation to describe your condition. If the latter is not serious, your doctor will most likely prescribe paracetamol. You will also be asked to monitor your temperature closely and be alert for possible breathing difficulties.
In general, the patient heals within a few days and its characteristic signs, cough and fever, disappear with rest, reminds the Ministry of Health.
If the illness worsens after a few days and you have difficulty breathing and signs of suffocation despite the prescriptions of your doctor, you should call 15 who will decide whether or not to hospitalize.
Read: Confined with a person showing symptoms: what do we do?
4. What are the barrier actions to take to avoid contamination?
Barrier measures, barrier gestures, Olivier Véran, Minister of Health, quickly stressed the importance of “These little gestures that make a great protection”. What are they ? The Ministry of Health recommends washing your hands very regularly; to cough or sneeze into his elbow or into his handkerchief; use a disposable tissue and throw it away; greet each other without shaking hands rather than kissing.
The Ministry of Health also recommends that you do not lend everyday objects such as your toothbrush, cutlery, telephone, etc. as well as regularly clean the objects and devices that you touch.
Read: what are the right things to do to protect yourself from the epidemic?
5. Can our dogs and cats catch or transmit the coronavirus?
The National Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health Safety (ANSES) brought together a group of experts which concluded that it there is no evidence that pets and farm animals play a role in the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes this disease. The Agency specifies that if the genome of the virus has been detected in the nasal and oral cavities of a dog in contact with an infected patient in Hong Kong, detection of the genome is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the animal is infected. Passive contamination cannot be excluded, in particular due to the possible survival of the virus on a moist mucosa without necessarily replicating it.
Read: Can our dogs and cats contaminate us?
6. Why was containment decided?
” Stay home. President Emmanuel Macron has taken steps to reduce contact and travel to the bare minimum across the country as of Tuesday, March 17. The measures announced – including the closure of all schools – were particularly strong: “France has never made such decisions in peacetime” said the head of state.
The day after the presidential address, Christophe Castaner, Minister of the Interior, clarified the contours of this confinement.
Julien Denormandie, Minister of the City and Housing did the same, listing the exempted professions: these are those who will not be able to apply teleworking and “all the professions essential to the life of the Nation such as health, agrifood, essential public services such as water and electricity ”.
Read: Coronavirus. The Council of State rejects the request for total containment, but …
7. What are the exceptions that allow exits?
If containment is the watchword in this fight against the Covid-19, it is however possible to leave his home under certain conditions which have been specified over time by the government.
When teleworking is not possible, home-business trips are authorized; trips to make essential purchases in authorized establishments (list on government.fr); displacement for health reasons when these are directly linked to the coronavirus; displacement for imperative family reasons, for assistance to vulnerable persons or childcare; short trips, near the home, linked to the individual physical activity of the people, excluding any collective sports practice (one hour maximum within a radius of one kilometer), and the needs of pets.
Read: Do I have the right to go out or not? Ten questions that still bother you
8. Why do you need a travel form to leave your home and where to get it?
Since March 24, France has been officially in a state of health emergency for two months, thus removing the prospect of breaking the imposed confinement at the end of March. Voted on March 22 by Parliament, this text was published on Tuesday March 24 at Official newspaper. “Many of our fellow citizens would like to return to the normal time, but it is not for tomorrow,” warned Prime Minister Édouard Philippe, announcing a tightening of containment measures.
More than ever, if you leave your home for the reasons mentioned in the point above, you must be in possession of a certificate of derogatory travel or proof of professional travel.
The sanctions have also been tightened for those who do not respect these instructions. The € 135 flat-rate fine goes to € 1,500 in the event of a repeat offense within 15 days. Four violations within thirty days could be worth up to € 3,700 fine and six months in prison!
Read: download the travel certificate form here
9. I can no longer work, what are my rights?
Firms at a standstill, teleworking, short-time working … Many employees have seen their situation change in recent days. For all working people who have no solution, no telework to take care of children, recourse to sick leave will be automatic and automatic. It is not necessary to go to your attending physician, it is your employer who will make the approach with the Health Insurance.
All companies whose activity is reduced due to the coronavirus and in particular those (restaurants, cafes, shops, etc.) which are subject to a closure obligation in application of the decree of March 14, 2020 are eligible for the partial activity system. And the employee cannot oppose it. It allows the company to avoid having to lay off all or part of its employees.
Read: Employees, what are your rights if you cannot go to work?
10. My employer put me on partial unemployment, will I keep my salary?
Faced with store closings, short-time working and the need to keep their children, workers are worried about their future earnings. Protective devices exist, but not all losses will necessarily be compensated.
At the end of the month, your employer will pay you compensation for any hours not worked. It represents 70% of your usual gross hourly wage, which is equivalent to around 84% of your net salary. In any case, you cannot fall below the minimum wage (€ 1,219 net for 35 hours).
Read. Partial unemployment: will you keep your salary?
11. You still have questions, Ouest-France answers you!
Readers of the newspaper, of the ouest-france.fr site and members of our pages on social networks, there are many of you, to be better informed, to ask us questions by post, by email (firstname.lastname@example.org) and on LaPlace, the space for our subscribers. On www.ouest-france.fr, # OuestFranceVousRépond, find the editorial staff’s responses.
In the meantime stay at home as much as possible, stay informed and take good care of yourself!
It’s a special day … New Caledonia is having its first day of confinement! Since this night midnight and for at least 15 days, the country will live in slow motion. The rule that applies to the entire population is clear and simple: you have to stay at home and limit your travels to the bare minimum to avoid the spread of the virus.
8 positive cases
Three new cases of coronavirus were confirmed last night, that is, eight people infected in a week. The patients were placed in solitary confinement at the Medipole. Investigations are underway to retrace their journey.
A compulsory travel certificate
From today, “everyone must have either a professional certificate or a certificate of derogatory travel”. The High Commissioner detailed how to use the derogatory certificate of displacement : “This is an honor certificate signed by yourself. The individual certificate can be downloaded and printed or copied on plain paper if you are unable to print it. It must be completed, dated and signed for each non-professional trip or for self-employed workers. ”
Regarding professional certificate : “This is a certificate signed by the employer stating the absolute necessity for the person who holds it to travel to work. It must be completed and stamped by the employer. The employer’s certificate is valid for the entire period it will define and therefore does not have to be renewed every day. It only relates to the commute to work. The certificates must be paper certificates. A tablet or smartphone version will not be valid. “
Other outings are tolerated:
• “to shop for basic necessities, that is to say to buy food and hygiene products”; • “for health-related reasons of course”; • “for imperative family displacements or assistance to vulnerable people or naturally for the care of children in the case of separated families”; • and “for trips that must be very brief and close to your home, in order to do some physical activity, especially when you live in an apartment, or walk your pet”.
The first economic measures
A plan is still under discussion, but the government announced first steps on Monday. In particular, the Prime Minister was asked to apply the national solidarity plan locally, that is, aid of 56 billion CFP francs to support Caledonian jobs and businesses.
For the government, it is a question of adapting the Caledonian labor law. To allow in particular “the establishment of a partial unemployment scheme on the basis of support over two months, with the same level as in mainland France, to return to just over 80% of the last net salary , based on 4.5 SMG ‘.
Among the other main measures, “the postponement of social security contributions for three months, the postponement of direct tax deadlines, a solidarity fund scheme to support VSEs and SMEs and a dedicated aid fund for crisis management for New -Caledonia, on the various costs linked to this crisis ”. “A particular focus will naturally be made on local airlines which are now completely stopped and which must be maintained,” the government also announced.
The government will work with the provinces to provide direct assistance to businesses and the self-employed who will be affected by the crisis.
To better communicate on the coronavirus, the government announces the establishment this Monday evening of a dedicated website: www.covid19.nc with all the practical information and situation reports.
Which businesses can remain open?
Stores selling goods and services, as well as shopping centers, can no longer accommodate customers, except for their order picking or delivery activity. But it lists the businesses for which this public reception can be maintained, by derogation.
1. General food stores, convenience stores, supermarkets, multi-market stores, hypermarkets and frozen product stores. 2. Retail stores of meat, fish, fruit and vegetables, bread, pastry and confectionery, drinks. 3. Other food retail businesses in specialized stores. 4. Food retail stores and markets, if a movement plan for people is planned. 5. Food distributions ensured by charitable associations. 6. Pharmacies and retail stores for pharmaceutical, medical and orthopedic products. 7. Retail stores of tobacco products, electronic cigarettes, vaping equipment and devices in specialized stores. 8. Banks, insurance, financial activities and post offices 9. Service stations. 10. Maintenance and repair centers for motor vehicles, vehicles, agricultural machinery and equipment. 11. Trade in automotive equipment and agricultural spare parts; 12. Trade and repair of motorcycles and cycles. 13. Retail trade of information and communication equipment. 14. Retail trade in computers, peripheral units and software and the repair of personal and household goods, ditto for communication equipment. 15. Retail stores of telecommunications equipment in specialized stores. 16. Retail stores of building materials, hardware, drugstore, paints and glass. 17. Retail stores of newspapers and stationery in specialized stores. 18. Hotels, and similar accommodation. 19. Tourist accommodation, and other short-term accommodation, when it constitutes a regular home for the people who live there. 20. The rental of cars and machines (equipment and goods, agricultural equipment, equipment for construction). 21. The activities of temporary work agencies. 22. Laundries, dyers and ironing activities. 23. Funeral services. 24. Retail trade in pet food and supplies.
Be careful, just because a sign matches the list does not mean that it will remain open. Quite the contrary. Many stores or services that could continue their activity in contact with the public have already announced that they are temporarily closing, or switching to teleworking mode.
Reduced traffic on public transport
The Tanéo network will continue to ensure continuity of public service, in Nouméa and in Greater Nouméa. But the rotations of Tanéo and Néobus are modified: 70% of the connections are suspended. The SMTU ensures that everything is done to preserve the safety of drivers and users.
Some confined to hotels will be able to return home
1,000 people are still in confinement in Noumea hotels requisitioned by the government. What requires significant resources said yesterday Christopher Gygès, the government spokesman. The DASS, the Directorate of Health and Social Affairs, has indeed asked for help from school nurses in middle and high schools.
Some confined persons may also return home. Authorizations granted “on a case-by-case basis, and on the basis of a strict protocol”: total confinement at home, without symptoms of course, and without contact with other people.
Nearly 800 other travelers are still confined to their homes.
Because the world continues to turn, franceinfo has selected seven pieces of information that may have passed under your radar.
While the whole world is now fighting against coronavirus and the stages of this “war”, as Emmanuel Macron called it, occupy the vast majority of your newspapers, JT and news sites, franceinfo selected, Sunday March 22, seven news items that marked the news of this week and that have nothing to do do with the terrible virus.
November 13 attacks: 20 people sent back to the assizes, including Salah Abdeslam
After four years of sprawling investigation, 20 people were sent back to the assizes for the attacks of November 13, 2015 in Paris and Saint-Denis which left 130 dead and 350 injured, announced on Monday March 16 the national antiterrorist prosecutor’s office (Pnat). Among the people against whom the examining magistrates ordered a trial is the Franco-Belgian Salah Abdeslam, the only member still alive of the November 13 commandos, and six people targeted by an international arrest warrant , including Osama Atar and the Clain brothers, all three presumed dead.
Benny Gantz in Israel tasked with forming new government
Israeli President Reuven Rivlin on Monday March 16 instructed centrist leader Benny Gantz, rival of outgoing Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, to form a new government. Objective: get the country out of a long political crisis and face the new coronavirus. However, after the legislative elections of March 2, the Likud, right-wing party of Benyamin netanyahu won the largest number of seats: 36 out of 120 in Parliament, compared to 33 for the “Bleu-Blanc” formation by Benny Gantz. After consultations with representatives of the parties elected to the Parliament, 61 deputies recommended Benny Gantz to the Israeli president, against 58 for the outgoing.
Franco-Malian singer Rokia Traoré in prison
The famous Malian singer Rokia Traoré was arrested in France, Friday, March 13, under a European arrest warrant issued by Belgian justice, related to a dispute over the custody of her daughter, born to a Belgian father. The Paris Court of Appeal will say on March 25 whether it approves the request for surrender to Belgium.
Iran releases French researcher Roland Marchal
Emmanuel Macron announced on Saturday March 21 that theIran released French researcher Roland Marchal. “The President of the Republic is pleased to announce the release of Roland Marchal, imprisoned in Iran since June 2019”, wrote the Elysée in a press release. Roland Marchal, sociologist, arrived on Saturday March 21 in France. “Roland is back”, announced its support committee in a brief press release. No image of his return to France has filtered. Upon his arrival, he was hospitalized at the military hospital of Saint-Mandé, near Paris, for examinations.
The President of the Republic urged “the Iranian authorities immediately release our compatriot Fariba Adelkhah still imprisoned in Iran”. Fariba Adelkhah is a researcher at the Center for International Research (CERI-Sciences Po), like Roland Marchal. The two researchers were arrested, according to Tehran, for endangering national security. A reason that all those close to the couple reject.
Bernie Sanders under pressure to drop Democratic primary
Stop or again? The pressure is increasing on Bernie Sanders, who will take stock of his campaign in the race for the White House after a new series of defeats in the Democratic primaries against Joe Biden.
>> INFOGRAPHICS. American presidential: which candidate is at the head of the democratic primaries?
Despite a painstaking start, the former vice-president continued his victories and won hands down in Arizona, Florida and Illinois on Tuesday. With 19 successes out of 27 states having voted, the advance of the former American vice-president now seems insurmountable in view of the democratic nomination for the presidential election.
Country star Kenny Rogers is dead
Country music star Kenny Rogers, whose career spanned more than 60 years, died at the age of 81, his family announced Friday night. Kenny Rogers, who was in “palliative care, went away peacefully, at home, of natural death and surrounded by his family”his relatives said in a press release. Born in Texas, the singer was known for his velvet voice, heard on a series of hits like The Gambler and Islands in the Stream.
The number of African black rhinos up slightly
Africa’s black rhino population is slightly larger today than eight years ago, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), although the species is still critically endangered . IUCN released an update to its Red List of Threatened Species on March 19, and reports that between 2012 and 2018, the number of African black rhinos increases by 2.5% per year, dropping from ” approximately 4,845 to 5,630 individuals.
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On Thursday, February 27, the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department of Hong Kong (AFCD) reported that samples taken on February 26 from a dog’s nose and mouth (a 17-year-old dwarf cat whose owner had been diagnosed with COVID-19). These samples were found to be “weakly positive” for SARS-CoV-2. A stool sample was negative.
SARS-CoV-2 is the strain that causes COVID-19. The PCR test used is sensitive, specific, and does not cross-react with other dog or cat coronaviruses. A “weakly positive” result suggests that a small amount of SARS-CoV-2 RNA was present in the samples, but does not distinguish between RNA found from intact virus and RNA fragments. PCR tests were repeated on February 28, 2, 3, 5, and March 10 with a persistent “weak positive” result. In addition, so-called gene sequencing of the SARS-CoV-2 virus was taken from the dog, this study was completed on March 12. The results were very similar. A virus isolation test performed on March 12 was negative.
Experts from the School of Public Health at the University of Hong Kong and the College of Veterinary Medicine and Life Sciences at City University of Hong Kong believe that the consistency and persistence of the results indicate that the virus is present in this particular case has possibly spread from the infected people to the dog. The tests were conducted by the laboratories of the AFCD and the School of Public Health of the University of Hong Kong. The latter is an accredited WHO reference laboratory for testing SARS-COV-2.
Two dogs were quarantined due to infected owners, and the above dog was the first. The second dog had negative results from tests for the virus. Neither dog showed signs of illness with COVID-19. Unfortunately, the dog who tested positive died on March 16. The dog was 17 years old and had ongoing health problems likely responsible for this dog’s death, not COVID-19. The second dog has now been released from quarantine.
On March 19, the AFCD reported that a third dog, a German Shepherd dog that lived with an owner who tested positive for COVID-19, had also tested positive. Another mixed breed dog from the same residence was tested negative. Neither dog showed any signs of illness. Both dogs have been quarantined and are still monitored and tested.
To date, there have been no reports of pets or other animals that have become ill anywhere in the world, and there is no evidence that pets, including pets, can spread SARS-CoV-2. Because the situation is constantly evolving, public and animal health officials may decide to test certain animals out of caution. The decision to test will be made in collaboration between local, state, and federal animal and public health officials.
The current expert understanding is that COVID-19 is primarily transmitted from person to person. This makes the recommendation against Testing of pets for SARS-CoV-2 supported, unless by official order. If dogs or cats show respiratory symptoms, testing for commonly occurring pathogens is advised.
There is an infection. And then? While there are no reports of pets getting sick with COVID-19, it is recommended as a precaution that people with COVID-19 limit contact with animals until more information is known about the virus. The advice currently is that when someone is sick, another member of the household takes care of walking, feeding and playing with the pet. Who is (slightly) infected and has a service dog is recommended to wear a face mask and further advice is; do not share food, kiss or hug them; and wash your hands before and after any contact with your pet or service animal. Although the animal itself cannot become ill, the virus could be transmitted through the animal’s fur, just as a doorknob, for example, could pose a risk of infection if it was touched by an infected COVID-19 patient.
If you want to prepare well, you can provide an emergency kit, with at least two weeks of food for the pet and the necessary medicines. Two weeks is a reasonable period of time for quarantine or self-isolation if contamination is suspected.
It is important to remember that to date no notifications have been from pets or other animals that have become ill with SARS-CoV-2, and there is currently no evidence that pets can spread COVID-19, to other animals or to humans.
Small, active and currently on everyone’s lips: the hamster. Before buying a hamster, it is advisable to deal with the type of hamster carefully, otherwise there is a risk of a bloody surprise.
With their button eyes they look cute. But they are fist-thick behind their ears. And the saying, “Small but powerful!” Says pretty much everything about this rodent. Hamsters are small, but pose some challenges for owners.
Anyone who thinks they can make the youngster happy by buying a hamster is hard to be wrong. Because – as cute as they are – hamsters don’t like to be carried around and caressed at all. So something for observers and not for clumsy children’s hands.
Loner or group type?
Hamsters are considered loners. The famous golden hamster only meets with a partner for reproduction and otherwise lives solitary, i.e. alone. This must be taken into account, otherwise there may be nasty surprises. The cute little animals fight each other to the blood.
The situation is different for the three Phodopus hamsters. They live in groups. “Keeping these animals individually is therefore not animal-friendly and can lead to pathological, scientifically proven changes that are reminiscent of depression or schizophrenia,” says the Swiss Animal Welfare Bulletin.
Group composition complicated
And again: If you think you can just throw a few Phodopus hamsters together, you’re wrong. The dwarf hamster group composition is difficult. Animal welfare cannot make a recommendation. Try it out and good luck is required. And don’t be too happy, because in many cases “fatal biting among animals occurs after half a year or a year,” the fact sheet says.
And if it is a “mause”, it becomes even more complicated, because “socializing adult animals is extremely difficult”. Hamster purchases should therefore be carefully considered in advance.
Two to three years of joy
If you have dealt extensively with the needs and way of life and I am aware that a hamster is not a children’s toy, but an exciting, small, mostly twilight and nocturnal animal to watch, then you can have a good time after buying the hamster spend with the pet.
However, a hamster will not grace the house as long as a cat or dog, because the life expectancy of the little animals is between two and three years. In nature, hamsters reside in self-dug structures up to one meter deep with aisle systems and several chambers. Unless they are looking for food or a partner. When it gets cold, they retreat to their buildings, feed on the accumulated supplies, and hibernate for two.
Very keen to move
This way of life naturally has an impact on the species-appropriate keeping of hamsters in captivity. Swiss animal welfare recommends an enclosure with an area of at least one square meter and a minimum height of 60 centimeters for the animals who are keen to move. The lower part of the hamster enclosure should consist of at least 50 cm high glass or plexiglass, which is completely filled with litter (small animal litter, hay, straw, undyed household paper).
Another important point is the location of the enclosure. This should be in a quiet, somewhat dark place without direct sunlight. There must be peace during the day. One side should be against the wall and draft must be avoided.
Knots and twigs for teeth
As rodents they need suitable rodent material, i.e. branches and twigs of non-toxic shrubs and trees (hazel, willow, beech, unsprayed fruit trees) in order to wear off their constantly growing incisors. In addition to various hiding places, a sand bath also belongs in a hamster enclosure.
Flat stones on the floor of the enclosure help wear out the claws and with climbing possibilities the space of the enclosure can be used three-dimensionally.
Calf bones as “treats”
Hamsters are omnivores (omnivores). Special feed mixes for hamsters contain grains and seeds (millet, hemp seeds, oat flakes, wheat flakes, barley, rye etc.), animal proteins and dried herbs. The grain mixture should not be offered ad libitum and should be supplemented with vegetables (carrots, zucchini, cucumber, broccoli, lettuce) and wild herbs (daisies, plantain).
Hay should always be available. Animal protein (insects, curd, minced meat) should be given to the hamster three to four times a week. Small calf bones, a nut in the shell or millet flasks are suitable as delicacies in between. The little rodents are pretty exciting. If you want to learn more about hamsters, you can find further information here.
Hoarding, also known as hamsters, means storing food, clothing or other consumer goods, equipment and things beyond your own needs or the storage required to compensate for fluctuating availability.